Ayn Rand says, ¨A man thinks and works alone. A man cannot rob, exploit, or rule -alone(...) they imply dependence and are the province of the second-hander.¨ Equality thinks and acts in his own way, rebelling against everything he’s ever known. His struggle is real, from being beaten until he is numb to harsh words thrown his way, but no matter what happens to him, he thinks about what could benefit the future and give men the rights that should have never been taken from
Roark uses strong imagery to express the disgust he feels for the second-hander. Thus, the esteem he has for himself and the fact that he refuses to compromise make him a selfish man. To conclude, despite society's belief that Roark is a selfless man, who believes in a greater idea, he has proven to be a selfish man, through the motivation for his actions and his opinion of selfishness. He condemns the selfless man to being a "parasite", a man without a soul. The selfless man has no ego.
Although man looks l... ... middle of paper ... ...ets by ok with a mixture of traits and those who are good die without any reward, having made sacrifices for others. By inborn nature one possesses the desire of the ear & eye even though it may sound like beauty . if the tendencies are met, lewdness and the licentiousness result but the pattern and order of the modesty and righteousness may appear. therefore man must follow his nature and his feelings will have a predictable result in strife and rapacity combined with rising and disorder and that would end the violence. so there must the civilizing influence of some teachers and laws and also guidance of success, even though it may result in the difference and compliance combined with the way and order ,end in discipline .
As for Peter Keating his definition of selfishness is doing everything for oneself and not worrying about who they are hurting or using. The novel is a constant war between altruism and egotism. Howard Roark is a true egoist, he has no desire to be involved in others business, he just wants to live up to his ideals and morals for architecture. On the other hand there is Toohey, who is what we would describe as a second-hander. He uses altruism to make men believe they need to live for others and put others before themselves.
He also may be pointing out that our society is actually honorable like a father and should take the responsibility of individuals, like a father would a son, instead of trying to eliminate them which a father should never do. The last sentence reads, " To assert in any case, that a person must be absolutely cut off from society because he or she is absolutely evil amounts to saying that society is absolutely good, and no one in their right mind would believe this today…" Here Camus is saying that an absolutely evil person is cut from society and the society is portraying itself as absolutely good. Camus is also saying that society can not, in any ones right mind, pass for being absolutely good. I would have to agree with this point. It is only obvious that our society would not pass for being absolutely good because no matter what we choose to do as a society, there will always be some people that do and do not agree.
For every man is desirous of what is good to him, and shuns what is evil, but chiefly the chiefest of natural evil, which is death. The right to bear arms. In conclusion, I would like to say that? Psychological Egoism-- This is the claim that humans by nature are motivated only by self-interest . Any act, no matter how altruistic it might seem, is actually motivated by some selfish desire of the agent (e.g., desire for reward, avoidance of guilt, personal happiness).
The Plague is crafted around the belief that humans live life in search of a value or purpose that will never be revealed to them because it does not exist. Character development in The Plague plays a significant role in illustrating the way that man will endure against an incomparable being or force. In this case, the plague. The people of Oran have an understanding, though an indefinite one, of the power of the plague because Dr. Rieux publicly accepts the situation. Rieux makes it clear that he plans to “get busy with [the plague]” (89), but “[he] knew: that this wasn’t the easiest course” (89).
The Fountainhead centers on the main struggle between Roark vs. the world. Toohey is a part of the world—if not the representation of it. In supporting Keating’s career he is making the ideal man for a mindless society, a man who—by Rand’s definition—isn’t a man at all. Toohey uses the other mediocrities in order to destroy the integrity of greatness. This integrates with the anti-Roark campaign because it makes people not see the exceptionality of Roark’s work and causes them to call him an “egotist” or “ego-maniac.” Defiling greatness relates to many other themes in this book, two major ones being: logic vs. emotion and innovation vs. tradition.
The looters have deliberately turned their backs to reality through indifference throughout the novel, and John Galt unveiled the truth they had avoided to the eyes of society. Reality cannot be changed according to one’s demands, but to the looters every futile attempt to make reality obey their orders, surely backfires. By living in a state of blindness, in a life driven by no purpose, their problems are never solved and their happiness is never achieved. On the other hand, John Galt, demonstrates that life must be experienced through rationality in order to experience delight. Galt has, therefore, declared and proved his love to life by his highest accomplishment—happiness.
In spite of Gail Wynand’s individualism and creative spirit in The Fountainhead, he compromises these values in his work and succumbs to the power of the people, believing this double identity to be his only option in achieving the power he seeks. A simple credo governs Gail Wynand’s life: I Do run things around here. Originally a statement affirming his drive to rise above, this assertion quickly becomes a measure of Wynand’s self-worth—a self-worth based entirely upon his power over others. His deep respect for the greatness of mankind and the integral dignity of the independent man is made irrelevant in his life by a single, core fallacy: the futility and inevitable demise of integrity. On a tenement rooftop at age sixteen, Gail Wynand decides to conquer “the city where he [does] not run things” through the power of the written word (Rand 405).