(i.e. people investing in ebay and then selling after seeing ebay’s earnings.) Many investors were not very experienced and they believed that whenever their stock went down, they felt selling was the best option which fueled the crash even further. Because of the thriving market, many loaned money from banks and invested in the stock market. When it crashed, they could not pay back the loans and the banks lost money.
Although this day is considered the trigger to the massive economic fallout, the American and global economies had been in turmoil for six months prior to Black Tuesday, and many other factors contributed to what’s known as the worst economic crash in modern history. With few regulations on the stock market in the years leading up to the Great Depression, investors were able to buy stocks on margin, only requiring them to put down ten percent. This caused for wild speculation, and many people funneling their life savings into the stock market, which led to artificially high prices. After Black Tuesday, many people began to believe that the banking system in America was going to fail. Thousands flocked to the banks to withdraw their money.
In October 1929, the United States stock market crashed due to panic selling. This crash started a rippling effect that contributed to a world wide economic crisis called the Great Depression. This crash was such a shock because of the economic expansion of the 1920’s when the Dow Jones average reached an all time high of three hundred eighty one. The year 1928 was a time of optimism and the stock market had become a place where everyday people truly believed that they could become rich. People everywhere were talking about the market and newspapers were reporting stories of ordinary people such as chauffeurs, maids, and teachers making millions off the stock market.
The Stock Market crash happened on October 29, 1929 and the Great Depression started in 1929 and ended in 1939. In the end of September and the beginning of October stock prices began to decrease. The crash was caused by the nervous investors which sold 16.9 million stocks on the New York Stock Exchange in one day. Many businesses invest most of their money in the stock market to make more money, but when the stock market crashed, so then businesses had to shut down because they have no money. Most of the nation’s banks also failed because they had to put the depositors money in the stock market to increase but when it crashed people lost most of their money.
Though the relief and reform measures put into place by President Franklin D. Roosevelt helped lessen the worst effects of the Great Depression, the economy did not fully turn around until after 1939, when World War II kicked American industry into high gear. The American economy entered an ordinary recession during the summer of 1929, as consumer spending dropped and unsold goods began to pile up, slowing production. Stock prices continued to rise, and by the fall of that year had reached levels that could not befitting by predicted future earnings. On October 24, 1929, the stock market bubble had finally burst, as investors began dumping shares all together. A record 12.9 million shares were traded that day, which is known as Black Thursday.
They had purchased stock in companies whose shares were now crumbling in value” (Ayers 678). After the stocks crashed, people who were invested in them, lost thousands even millions of dollars. The banks were the top investors so they lost the most amount of money with their invested stocks, along with the frightened depositors withdrawing their savings, draining money quickly from the bank. Hundreds of banks failed and shut down because of their loses. CLOSING STATEMENT: although, … Businesses were also affected by the Stock Market Crash.
The stock market crash had a colossal contribution to the Great Depression. The stock market crash rolled in after the golden time in the 1920’s; with it came the Great Depression trailing right behind. The stock market crash was caused by people investing in stocks with money they did not have, this was called buying on margin. When the stocks fell everyone lost an enormous amount of money that they had invested into the stocks. The stock market was the main cause that forced American into the Great Depression.
Besides wiping out the savings of thousands, it hurt commercial banks that had invested heavily in corporate stocks. It also caused a loss of confidence in the market prolonging the depression. The downturn began slowly and almost unnoticeably. After 1927, consumer spending declined and housing construction slowed. Inventories piled up, and in1928 and 1929 manufacturers began to cut back on production and lay off workers.
Stock Market Crash of 1929 The day the stock market crashed, October 29th, 1929, is now known in infamy as Black Tuesday. “The Reasons Stocks Crashed in 1929” by Harold Bierman Jr. says that there were many events that led up to the Stock Market Crash. On October 24th, 1929, the stock market fell 9% during the day, which was a huge deal back in that time when a lot of people had money invested in the Stock Market. After this decline there was a selling alarm, as everyone wanted to get his or her money out of the stock market. Bierman concludes that the stock prices were too high in October of ’29 and that a crash in the market was bound to happen.
American Economy Collapse and the Wall Street Crash The economic boom of the 1920s came to an end in October 1929. The boom got totally out of control by 1929 with the average price of shares increasing by 300%. People would buy on the margin, and then waiting for the prices to go up before selling to make a profit. By the summer of 1929 there were 20 million shareholders in America and the prices continued to rise. Until October of that year when people realised that the prices had risen too much and were about to fall, so people began a drastic sell.