The Concept of the Covenant in the Old Testament, maintains, establishes, and identifies the important ideas or the subject of the Israelites history in the Bible. According to The Encyclopedia of Judaism, covenant “refers to a general obligation concerning two parties. It was confirmed either by an oath, a solemn meal, a sacrifice, or by some dramatic act such as dividing an animal and passing of the parties.” God first established the cut covenant with Abraham before He established defining and yoking covenant at Sinai in Exodus. The term “Covenant” has been used for centuries to understand the content of the Bible and the flow of God’s purpose through age's. God use’s Abraham’s Culture to make him understand His covenant with him. God
The Abrahamic covenant is one that deals with fertility and the significance of symbolic sacrifices during this time period (Genesis 17:1). In the story of Abraham and Isaac, God “tests” Abraham by telling him to sacrifice his son. While this may seem cruel, God does not allow Isaac to be sacrificed. While Gods motives are questionable, close reading in Genesis shows that based on the story of Abraham and Isaac, human sacrifice is affirmed but only under certain conditions. A sacrifice that involves the death of a human is unacceptable. However, symbolic sacrifice is a vital part of the story because the “test” of Abraham is best thought of as a request for a symbolic or ritualistic sacrifice in place of the sacrificing of human life.
Genesis 6, God said to Noah, 18 I will establish My covenant with you; and you shall enter the ark-- you and your sons and your wife, and your sons' wives with you. And it shall come about, when I bring a cloud over the earth, that the rainbow shall be seen in the cloud, and I will remember My covenant, which is between Me and you and every living creature of all flesh; and never again shall the water become a flood to destroy all flesh.
In the Abrahamic Covenant, the only stipulation was to believe in the only God, the one true God. Abram doesn't ask for riches or anything other than a son. He brings up the God has promised to make him a father of nations and that many of his offspring will be endless. If Abram does have a child, Eliezer, his steward, would soon inherit because he had a child. If a man is practical with God, then God will be practical with them. Abram asks only for a son, and God says that he will him a son
1. The name of the Old Testament
Our word “covenant” translates the Hebrew word berîth. In the NT covenant and testament both translate the same Greek word (diathēkē). In the title of the Scriptures the meaning “covenant” seems definitely preferable because the Book constitutes a pact, alliance, or covenant between God and His people.
In the covenant made by Yahweh with Abram it seemed far-fetched, however, through Moses and the mosaic covenant, those Hebrews would become Yahweh’s fulfilment to Abraham. This time seems like a slow paced culture with more quiet time in nature, in which people could communicate and maintain a close relationship with Yahweh. Unlike, our hectic, chaotic, and fast paced world we live in today. Our understanding of their faith, and knowledge of Yahweh’s laws seem unfathomable, similar to some family of bush people who live in the mountains. At the same time, we live in an advanced culture where knowledge is readily available, so people can learn. Even solitude proved difficult for the Hebrews, as they continued to rebel. Through each step the Hebrews became more established as a nation. Furthermore, the relationship between Yahweh’s covenant with Abraham and the Exodus, only became a reality later, even though, those Hebrews needed to endure Yahweh’s
It does appear that this covenant in question is made for all of God’s people as John Oswalt proclaims, “thus while the eternal covenant may have specific reference to the Noachic covenant in Gen. 9-1-17, with its prohibition of bloodshed, its broader reference is to the implicit covenant between creator and creature, in which the Creator promises abundant life in return for the creatures living according to the norms laid down at creation.” In this sense we are looking at God’s final judgement on His creation. Professor Yates video presentations are most helpful where he asserts that in “Isaiah 24: 25 God is going to judge the earth and all inhabitants for they have violated the everlasting covenant. This is not a covenant with Israel exclusively, it becomes clear this holds the nations accountable for their blood shed. This covenant is also the basis for judgement of the nations in Amos chapters 1 and 2.” . It is everyone’s dismal failure not to bear responsibility for God’s final judgement.
Although Abram wife did not have any children, God promised Abram that God would make Abram a nation great, God said, “leave your country, your kindred and your father’s house for a country which I shall show you; and I
The bible is obviously broken up into two covenants, The Old Testament and New Testament. In the Old Testament the Holy Spirit wasn’t poured out among the people like it is today. This was a covenant that God made with his people for their salvation or also known as the Covenant of Law. In the New Testament we believe Christ’s death is our salvation. When you read the Old Testament, their culture is so different from ours. It was Law to follow the word of God where today you have a choice and through the son of God you may enter heaven. Many people read the bible and they forget that the Historical Culture isn’t always straight forward like they would like. For example in John 6:1-14 Jesus is sitting among a group of people and begins to tell
When God promises Abraham a reward, he responds by asking “how [he is] to know that [he] shall possess it?” (15:8) In addition, Abraham is told that his offspring “will be afflicted for four hundred years,” but that “afterward they shall come out with great possessions” (15:13-14). For the covenant to be fulfilled, Abraham must trust God and be patient. The same idea is present in Isaac’s story, when he “[pleads] with the Lord for his wife, because she [is] barren,” but waits 20 years for God to respond to his plea