Covenanted Governments

explanatory Essay
1583 words
1583 words

The covenant is very dear to our modern world, being that many political philosophers that shaped our modern world based much of their theories on a covenanted government. When looking at the United States, the theory was considered important from the Mayflower Compact and on. The theory of “a covenanted people” is associated with Locke, Hobbes, and Rousseau. Our “framers” took all of the aforementioned history and philosophy in account to develop our virgin nation. The concept of a covenant and covenanted form of government has greatly metamorphisised over time into nations such as ours. The thoughts of its origins are also very electric and diverse. Despite all of these idiosyncrasies, there runs a common thread through a compact form of government, and that is power is in the hand of a sovereign and all involved in the government are there by tactic consent. Around the time the pilgrims rebelled against King James in England, philosophy was abundant, especially that influenced by the belief in god. A majority of the governments around the world were monarchies. As far as our country is concerned, the pilgrims were the first to establish a covenanted government with the Mayflower Compact. This compact stated that all aboard the ship headed for the “new city of God”, were under the rule of God. Here is the clincher: even though it was a government under the rule of God, the agreement was that the people in God’s name would run the institutions of government. People executed God’s will his “permission”. In these times, people believe that they were carrying out God’s name and very will. These people weren’t bound together by caprice and whim, but for and out of necessity and deep-rooted religious beliefs. They formed a civil body politics so they may increase their chances at survival. The next vital document that was created in the “New World” was the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut. This document was closely related to the Mayflower Compact in that it was made in the name of God, it established a theocracy. This document brought people together in a tacit agreement that they would obey the word of God, as interpreted by the people and the sovereign appointed (a magistrate). The fundamental Orders and the Mayflower Compact are very distinct from the Articles of Confederation and the US Constitution in that they are theocracies. The people governed the letter two of the aforementioned; religion played little or no importance.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that the concept of a covenant and covenanted form of government has greatly metamorphised into nations such as ours.
  • Explains that the pilgrims were the first to establish a covenanted government with the mayflower compact, which stated that all aboard the ship headed for the "new city of god" were under god's rule.
  • Explains that the fundamental orders of connecticut was closely related to the mayflower compact in that it established a theocracy.
  • Explains that john locke advocated and wrote a dissertation on the compact theory of government. he believed that humans formed together to escape the "hand to mouth" state of nature.
  • Explains that thomas hobbes believed that power was transferred to a sovereign individual, but this individual wasn't an autocrat, they were made of the people and executed their will.
  • Explains rousseau's theory of a compact/covenant form of government, which embodied the belief in the majority, an infallible majority that acted for the good of everyone
  • Explains the implied agreement to form together and give up absolute freedom to have protection from that very freedom. the body of people is what make up the rules.
  • Explains that government is a government of the people, for people and by people. the only difference between government and society is the power behind the government.
  • Explains that our government has a collection of thoughts to back it up, but the common thread is that no one is forced into the government.
  • Explains that the united states was founded because of the pursuit of religious freedom. they are of hobbsian, rousseau, and federalists.
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