Specialized Courts “Specialized courts differ from traditional courts in that they focus on one type of offense or offender. Usually the judge plays an intensive supervisory role. Other criminal justice components (e.g., probation) and social services agencies (e.g., drug treatment) are involved and collaborate closely in case processing.” (Office of Justice Programs [OJP], 2008). High statistical correlations between offenders may demonstrate a need or possibility of specialized courts. These courts focus on the underlying issues behind the offending and try to cure it at it’s roots (NIJ, 2008).
Criminal sentencing procedures required reform as significant disparities exist between defendants with similar criminal history records. The aforementioned statement would suggest that prior to reform that judicially imposed sentences varied across defendants in ways that were deemed unjust by Congress. “Congress has p... ... middle of paper ... ...s exist for the convicted and judges take these factors into consideration during the sentencing decision. Often time’s the age and poor health of an older offender has been considered by judges, and in some instances resulted in leniency during the judge’s sentencing decision. Works Cited Miceli, T. J.
INTRODUCTION The huge body of the law can be broken down to according to various classifications. Three of the most important distinctions are those between (1) civil law and criminal law, (2) felonies and misdemeanors, and (3) crimes mala in se and mala prohibita (Gaines and Miller, 2013, pg. 69). CIVIL LAW AND CRIMINAL LAW Civil law includes all types of law other than criminal law. It deals with the disputes between individuals, organizations, or between the two, in which compensation is awarded to the victim.
The American criminal justice system is comprised of criminal courts, correctional facilities, and law enforcement officials. Each of these components also make up the juvenile justice system but the operations of each differs with juveniles than with adults who are suspected of committing criminal acts. A juvenile offender is an individual under a certain age who is suspected of having committed a crime or a status offense. A status offense is an offense that if committed by an adult, would be legal or acceptable. Examples of status offenses are truancy, under aged consumption of alcoholic beverages, and running away from home.
To get a better view on how these policies are implemented, the actions of the police officers in Allen versus the city of Oakland will be examined and the justifications for their actions will be reviewed. Not all actions can be justified though. For those types of actions with no justification, an observation of the legal and policy issues surrounding them can demonstrate how strong policies can help deter officers from misconduct. The perception of prosecution is also useful by giving an overall representation of the case after reviewing it, deciding if there is enough evidence to let the case go further, and deciding on the charges that will be given. In court, a useful tool used by both sides of the case is using case law to get the court to side with their argument.
DPD has created many community partnerships in efforts to “fix the broken windows” in the community. Investigator Kent addressed these programs. “DeWitt [Police Departme... ... middle of paper ... ...ocedural justice, and social resource theories. Social Justice Research, 20(3), 312-335. doi:10.1007/s11211-007-0054-8 Town of DeWitt Police Department (2014). 2013 Annual Report.
There isn’t a jury in a magistrates’ court. A magistrates’ court normally handles summary cases and some triable-either-way offences. Summary offences normally include motoring offences, minor criminal damage or being drunk and disorderly while triable-either-way offences are a bit more serious for example burglary or drug offences, they are called triable-either-way because they can be tried at either the Crown Court or the magistrates’ court. Magistrates’ courts always pass the most serious crimes known as indictable offences to the
It is essentially a process that involves many different steps. It starts with a criminal investigation and it ends with the release of the offender from correctional supervision. In between those two things though, is a lot of rules, laws, and decision making. The steps that there are in order are investigation, arrest, prosecution, indictment, arraignment, pretrial detention, plea bargaining, trail, sentencing, appeals, and punishment. Investigation of a crime is done by the law enforcement.
Therefore, in this report we will examine to what extent is the role of legal representation important in Local Court and Supreme Court. Role of legal representation in Local Court Before attending the court hearing, I did some research and studies on the subject of procedure of the criminal court, and I found that the role of defensive representation maybe various regarding to different court. In the Local Court, the legal representative would have an important but not significant role. Local Court is the first tier in the criminal justice court system (Brown, et al., 2011, pp. 143-145) it functions like a filter.
It took off in 1997. From my knowledge of this already, I can tell you that the UCR, in fact, reports everything under the sun. In the seventh edition of the book of Criminology, it states “The UCR divide offenses into two major categories: Part I and Part II… Crimes tend to be reported to the police more reliably than others” (Adler, Laufer & Muller, 32). With that being stated, the Part I crimes include robbery, rape, burglary, homicide, and a few other serious crimes of that nature. Part II crimes, while not as serious as Part I crimes, include loitering, embezzlement, drug offenses, gambling, and so on.