Counterterrorism and American Presence Overseas

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Counterterrorism and American Presence Overseas
After September 11, 2001, terrorism took center stage in the debate among security studies, international relations, and foreign policy specialists over a grand strategy for the US in the post-cold war era. The characteristics of international terrorism emphasize the fact that counterterrorism will require strenuous efforts. In contrast to warfare and public order problems, governments engaged in the battle against terrorism have to deal with opponents who do not observe any rule or convention. Terrorists wage an asymmetrical war. They do not attack state organizations but society and particularly innocent citizens. Contrary to groups that put public order to the test, they avoid confrontation with the national institutions responsible for maintaining law and order. The United States of America is committed to emerging victorious in the war against terrorism. This commitment has been demonstrated through funding, the federal government has dedicated a lot of money to fighting terrorism; this money has been channeled through the Department of Homeland Security to advance the war against terrorism (Memon, 2009).
Strategies, tactics and tools of combating terrorism outside the US
The extraordinarily high number of casualties caused by the September 11 surprise attacks, as well as the nature of the targets (actual and intended), raised the stakes considerably. The United States is now willing to use means previously considered politically unacceptable: intervention with ground forces to overthrow a regime that actively support a terrorist organization and destruction of such organization’s territorial base. Within the US soil, a key strategy in the fight against terrorism w...

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...d international boundaries. This is also largely due to the superpower status of the US (Pillar, 2001).
It is equally critical that U.S. counterterrorist efforts be legitimate in the eyes of the international community. The support of other nations is indispensable to the disruption of terrorist operations and controlling the spread of weapons of mass destruction, but the war against Iraq ignored the dissent of allies. US grand strategy should not ignore interdependence in the domain of international security. Counter-terrorism involves several activities such as the effective use of diplomacy, financial controls, law enforcement, intelligence gathering and military power. Every tool that is used to fight terrorism has a lot to contribute; counterterrorism requires a lot of tools that are available because multi-terrorism in itself is multi-faceted.

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