One of Franklin's greatest claims to fame was his work in electricity. He carried out experiments with the Leyden jar, sent a current through water to ignite alcohol, made the first battery, ignited gunpowder, and much, much more (Bellis). He even charged wine glasses so the drinkers would receive shocks! More importantly though, he began to develop the theory of the relationship between lightning and electricity; he brought up the idea of protecting buildings by using iron rods. In the summer of 1752, he performed the famous kite experiment, where he drew down electricity from the sky by charging a Leyden jar from the key at the end of the string.
Faraday built two devices to produce what he called electromagnetic rotation: that is a continuous circular motion from the circular magnetic force around a wire. Ten years later, in 1831, he began his great series of experiments in which he discovered electromagnetic induction. These experiments form the basis of modern electromagnetic technology. In 1831, using his "induction ring", Faraday made one of his greatest discoveries - electromagnetic induction: the "induction" or generation of electricity in a wire by means of the electromagnetic effect of a current in another wire. The induction ring was the first electric transformer.
During this time electromagnetic induction was discovered by Michael Faraday who lived from 1791 to 1867 (749). Also during this time Samuel Morris invented the telegraph in 1837 which relies on the principles of electromagnetic induction (749). Alexander Graham Bell, who lived from 1847 to 1922, created the telephone which also uses electricity in order to operate (749). Through the success of the telephone, Bell Telephone Company was established. In 1878, the light bulb was finally invented by Thomas Edison who lived from 1847 to 1931 (749).
Rudolf Julius Emanuel Clausius was born January 2 in 1822, and died August 24 in 1888. Rudolf Julius Emanuel Clausius is most recognized for his work in thermodynamics. Rudolf Julius Emanuel Clausius introduced the concept of entropy. The Experiments (Known Today as Research) Paddle Wheel Experiment James Joule's Paddle Wheel Experiment determined the existence of a relation between heat and mechanical work. He established this by a method involving the churning water in a calorimeter by means of paddles driven by various falling weights.
Humphry Davy, an Enlish scientist, first created the electric light in 1800; he connected wires and a piece of carbon to an electric battery he created, and in return, the carbon produced light. This is called an electric arc. At this point in history, electric lights were only used by society’s elite. A few decades later in 1860, the English physicist Sir Joseph Wilson Swan found that a carbon paper filament worked well, but burned up quickly. He later demonstrated his new electric lamps in Newcastle, England in 1878.
Third, Alessandro Volta created the first battery in 1800, which consisted of electrodes and was immersed in water. Volta is also widely known for the voltaic pile. Fourth, Benjamin Franklin was wildly and dangerously noted for creating the lightening rod or “electricity” in 1752. Lastly, Humphrey Davy was noted for inventing the first incandescent light in 1806. (About.com) When scientists first began, they thought that positive energy flowed first.
Even now, hundreds of years after the first scientific work with lightning, people remain in awe of its power. In the 18th century, the first systematic scientific study of lightning was carried out by Benjamin Franklin. Before Franklin’s experiments, electrical science had grown to the point of separating positive and negative charges, and had developed primitive capacitors. The sparks produced in laboratories were noted as similar to lightning, but it was Franklin who designed an experiment to prove that lightning was electrical. Benjamin Franklin believed that clouds must be electrically charged, which would mean that lightning must also be electrical.
Later his alternating current induction motor would be considered one of the ten greatest discoveries of all time. Before coming to America, Tesla joined the Continental Edison Company in Paris where he designed. In February 1882, Tesla discovered the rotating magnetic field, an important principle in physics and it was also the start to pretty much all devices that use alternating current. In 1883, he secretly built a prototype of the induction motor which he was able to run successfully. Nobody in Europe cared about promoting his unqualified device, Tesla then accepted an offer to work for Thomas Edison in New York.
The tesla is the SI derived unit of magnetic field strength or magnetic flux density, commonly denoted as B. One tesla is equal to one weber per square metre, VOLT The volt is the derived unit for electric potential, electric potential difference, and electromotive force. One volt is defined as the difference in electric potential between two points of a conducting wire when an electric current of one ampere dissipates one watt of power between those points. Alessandro Volta (February 18, 1745 – March 5, 1827) was an Italian physicist who was known for inventing the battery. Volta is also known for making discoveries on electrostatics and meteorology.
Figure 1 illustrates the design of the batteries discovered in ancient Persia. Fast forwarding to the 17th century, it was “in the year 1600, English Physician William Gilbert used the Latin word “electricus” to describe the force that certain substances exert when rubbed against each other” (Atkinson, 2014). Though Benjamin Franklin is largely accredited with the discovery of electricity, it was “Italian physicist Alessandro Volta [whom] discovered that particular chemical reactions could produce electricity” (Atkinson, 2014). In “1800, he constructed an early electric battery that produced a steady current” (Atinkson, 2014). To clarify, current is defined as the “rate at which charge flows through its surface” (Serway and Vuille, 2011).