Cotton Gin Essay

Powerful Essays
Ashley McShane
History 340
March 16, 2014
Professor Hanson
Final Exam
Cotton Gin. The Cotton Gin was invented by Eli Whitney, in response to the new lands being inhabited and the needed new technology that would bring more profit to the country. This machine made it faster and more efficient to remove the seeds from the cotton. Before, slaves had to pick out the seeds and it was a painful and time consuming task. Cotton still had to be handpicked but the seeds no longer had to be. This machine did the work of ten men and this led to more slaves working in the fields picking cotton and to a higher demand in slaves. This helped planters grow more cotton and make more profit.

Fugitive Slave Law of 1850. The Fugitive Slave of Law of 1850 was a piece of legislation put into action by southern slave owners. This forced people to catch runaway slaves and send them back to the south. It required government officials to discover fugitive slaves living in the north and return them to their owners. It also forced the citizens of the north to aid the officials to capture their fugitive slaves. This challenged the notion that the north was a free and safe haven for slaves and free blacks. Whether they were legally enslaved or free, blacks could still be handed over and forced into servitude. It forced people to give up slaves to the institution in fear of being charged with a crime themselves.

Dred Scott v. Sanford. Dred Scott was slave whose owner took him to the north and stayed there for several years serving him. When wanting to return to the South, Scott declared that since they were in free territory he was a free man. He sued his owner for freedom because he believed that since he was in free territory, he was free an...

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... was automatically thrown out and the discussion of slavery was forbidden.
Before the Civil War and the emancipation of slaves in the United States many people engaged in their disgust of the institution and the treatment of slaves by becoming abolitionists. There were many organizations, societies and individual who wanted to free slaves and would do anything possible to do so. Many strategies were utilized but four distinct plans were efficient. These four were compensated emancipation, ending slavery through rebellion, direct appeal to the masters conscience and to put public pressure on Congress. These were put into action mentally and physically not only by white abolitionist and free blacks but the slaves as well. Despite the danger, slaves participated in anything that could possibly make them free citizens and to destroy the institution in its entirety.
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