Cosmology Cumulative Paper
In order to understand our place in the universe, we must understand the universe itself. Scientists, researchers, astronomers, cosmologists, physicists, amateur astronomers and a slew of other groups of individuals largely interested in the cosmos, help with discovering new and fascinating theories or proof of different phenomenon within the universe. Three scientific articles help readers to realize scientists are constantly deep in work to unravel the hidden truths. “Dark Matter in the Discovery Age”, “Why the Universe Had no Beginning”, and “What String Theory tells Us About the Universe” include theories vastly different from one another, but lead to the same conclusion; the universe’s creation.
The first article is written by Dan Hooper titled “Dark Matter in the Discovery Age”, which delves deep inside what is dark matter and its makeup. Dark matter is a relatively recent idea, first considered in 1933. Astrophysicist Fritz Zwicky noticed that the galaxies within the Coma Cluster were moving at great speeds yet this galaxy cluster continued to stay unbroken. Many questions were asked, but Zwicky believed there was invisible matter preventing the Coma Cluster from breaking apart. Originally an unpopular theory, today dark matter is extensively studied. More importantly, the study of dark matter helps physicists understand the motions of galaxies and galaxy clusters that visible matter cannot explain.
This mysterious matter is not made up of anything we know, not atoms, other matter, black holes, white dwarfs or any other cosmic object. Instead, WIMPs, weakly interacting massive particles, make up the matter. Essentially, all galaxies and the clusters are floating within these particles. Ho...
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...superpartner particles to the elementary particles. A new model was designed called the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, MSSM for short. Predictions formed by the MSSM can be tested at the LHC where researchers and scientists look for evidence on superpartners. While no superpartners have been found in the LHC yet, an elementary particle known as the Higgs boson has been observed which could suggest, due to its lightness, it might have a superpartner.
In conclusion, all three articles detailed fascinating theories and occurrences happening all the time in our universe. As scientists uncover more by refining and innovating past technologies and theories, we have the possibility of unlocking the truth of the universe. As we embrace the universe, we are one step closer to answering the age old questions as to why the universe was created and why we are here.