This leads to the conclusion that because the rise to power between the two powers was so similar, the downfall will be equally parallel. Rome's Republican era began after the overthrow of the last Roman King Tarquin Superbus by Lucius Brutus in 509 BC(1), the Senate was ruled the by the people of Rome. The Roman Republic was governed by a largely complex constitution, which established many checks and balances, so no man could have complete control. The evolution of the constitution was heavily influenced by the struggle between the patricians and the other prominent Romans who were not from the nobility. Early in Rome’s history, the patricians controlled the republic, over time, the laws that allowed these individuals to dominate the government were repealed, and the result was the emergence of a the republic which depended on the structure of society, rather than the law, to maintain its dominance.
“Chapter 4: The Civil War of 68-69, the Flavian Dynasty, and Nerva.” pp. 167-205. - Scarre, Christopher. The Penguin Historical Atlas of Ancient Rome. London: Penguin, 1995.
The triumvirate officially ended when Crassus was killed in war. It was after this Caesar started to really establish his control for ultimate power. During this time Caesar was charged with treason and ordered to return to the capital to face his accusers. However Caesar had other plans, he decided to come back but with an army with him. With his army, Caesar crossed the Rubicon River where he fought Pompey.
There, Tiberius served in a war against Numantia under the consul Mancinus. After suffering numerous defeats in battle, Mancinus attempted to abandon camp. However the Numantines, realizing what was happening seized the camp before they could escape. Tiberius saved the Roman army from slaughter by securing a treaty with the Spaniards. When they returned to Rome, Tiberius was seen as a saviour and blame was placed on the incompetent generals who were handed back to the Spaniards for execution.
One of the most influential reasons as to why Rome fell was due to the government’s anarchy and corruption. Government officials became power hungry, abusing all power bestowed upon them to benefit themselves rather than the empire. One of the many ways they abused said power was by “use[ing] tax payers money to build themselves lavish mansions” . This would eventually weaken the government as well as the peoples trust in said government. As the Roman government began it’s initial decline Rome began to impose higher taxes on the people, consequently “crushing them under a heavy burden of oppressive taxation” .
21 Nov. 2010. Spielvogel, Jackson J. World History. New York: Glencoe, 2008. Print.
The book follows the political struggle faced by Vespasian, a Senator, to climb the ranks and eventually become the Emperor who "brought peace to Rome after years of strife", according to Davies. (Davies, book review) This is backed up by other sources which praises Vespasian as being- "....strong enoug... ... middle of paper ... ... Bibliography: Referencing 1. The Course of Honour Lindsey Davis. Arrow Publications 1998 2. The Jewish War Josepus.
When a senator fought back he was later forced to commit suicide by Nero. These two extracts are not just observations by Tacitus, but heavy criticisms against a man who was unworthy for his post. Tacitus stood against self - indulgence and extravagant displays of wealth as he saw these as being major flaws of the aristocracy and nobility. Although Tacitus was far more interested in moral behaviour, he saw these flaws as the basis for Rome's decline at the time of Nero. An example of this decaying Rome was in Ad60 when the people of Pompeii and Nuceria assaulted each other at the gladiatorial event.
Pompey was a Roman general and statesman, the erstwhile ally of Julius Caesar, but later his arch rival for power. Pompey was born in Rome into a senatorial family, and established an impressive military record. He brought an end to the Servile War instigated by the slave Spartacus; cleared the Mediterranean Sea of pirates; conquered the kingdoms of Pontus, Armenia and Syria; and captured Jerusalem in 61 BC. He entered Rome in triumph, but encountered opposition from the Senate. Pompey then formed an alliance, commonly called the First Triumvirate, with Julius Caesar and Marcus Licinius Crassus.