The Deep Horizon oil spill The Deep-water horizon oil spill is one of the largest oil spills in history. The spill occurred due to several factors including system failure and human error. The spill not only affected the wildlife and economy of the gulf but the entire United States as goods and service that were once available were no longer available. As a result of the oil spill Bp was forced to pay billions of dollars to restore the damages that they have caused. In addition, the oil and gas industry have changes there practices and are working with the government under new laws and regulation to prevent a future oil spill.
On April 20, 2010, the Deepwater Horizon oil platform exploded and caused the largest marine oil spill in history. The platform sank about 5,000 feet underwater. The BP oil spill poured 4.2 million barrels of oil into the Gulf of Mexico. These oil spills are largely compared but were cause by completely different events. They had similar effects/damage, however.
On April 20th 2010 a catastrophic explosion on an oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico caused what was soon to become one of the most horrendous and controversial issues of 2010. The cause of this dramatic event was uncertain and, therefore, called for an investigation team to get to the bottom of the situation. Through a review of rig audit findings and maintenance records, the investigation team found indications of potential weaknesses in the testing regime and maintenance management system for the BOP. The team did not identify any single action or inaction that caused this accident. Rather, a complex and interlinked series of mechanical failures, human judgments, engineering design, operational implementation and team interfaces came together to allow the initiation and escalation of the accident.
From smaller oil spills to the Deepwater Horizon spill, and others like it, oil spills are one of the most detrimental effects that oil has on the environment. Oil drilling, most of which leads to spills and other negative environmental impacts, he... ... middle of paper ... ...nce. 300:410-412 Nowak R. 2005. Greener lubricants clean up oil drilling. New Scientist.
One year after the worst oil spill in history, a sorry legacy of enduring damage, a people wronged and a region scarred remains (NRDC.org). The BP oil explosion killed eleven employees and spewed approximately one-hundred-and-seventy-million gallons of toxic crude oil into the Gulf of Mexico (NRDC.org).The explosion was caused by a blowout preventer failure which was caused by a piece of drill pipe that resulted in the worst oil spill tragedy in American history. The Gulf of Mexico is the focal point of America’s southeastern region’s economic growth. However, the gulf experienced an agonizing vile catastrophe that affected several thousands miles of coastline. The BP oil spill is undoubtedly the worst oil spill in American history due to the grotesque aftereffects of the region.
On this particular day, there was an explosion in the rig that caused a huge fire causing eleven workers to die and leaving 17 hurt (Walsh 2). The fire burned for 36 hours, until the rig fomally sank (BP Internal Investigation 3). Even from the beginning people’s lives were taken away, and not only did many people die but it made some depressed and caused other to have financial problems. Even though BP did not own the oil rig they were held accountable for what happened. The (Macondo oil well), was drilled less than a year ago, but was “owned by the drilling company Transocean and leased to the energy giant BP” (Walsh 1).
The oil is so thick that it kills the entire marine life in that area. Although the oil is only in the area of the spill it can take a long time to clean up and during that time it effects that whole environment. The oil in the water endangers the lives of several people by contaminating the water they need. The statement became a well-known factor in 2010 when a Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit called Deepwater Horizon had an explosion on it causing an unforgettable oil leak. The leak led to the “Elements of Liability” for oil pollution (Foley).
Oil has had a massive overall impact on the world at large, but more specifically, it has shaped the modern world environmentally, through the effects of various oil spills, economically, through global trade and foreign relations, and it has impacted transportation, through the use of gas used as fuel. Oil has had both positive, and negative effects on the world, and continues to have those effects as time goes on. While oil has greatly improved and progressed the world’s industry and economy, it has negatively impacted the environment because of the harmful events it has caused. Most of these harmful events originated from an extremely impactful commodity called petroleum. Petroleum, which produces oil, is an environmentally harmful substance created from rocks.
It is expected that there will be a spill of more than ten thousand oil drums every three or more years (Horton, Jennifer, 1). Oil spills have been defined as inevitable (Climate & Energy, 1). As of now, there exists no truly safe way of cleaning a spill (Climate & Energy, 1). The oil spill that occurred in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010 was one of the worst oil spills that has ever occurred (Clean & Energy, 1). The Gulf of Mexico oil spill by British Petroleum is the largest environmental catastrophe in the history of the United States (Clean & Energy, 1).