Daly and Yeates (2002) examine the origins, development and trajectory of social security in Ireland and Britain, comparatively. The article begins by looking at their common origins in the form of a shared colonial history. The article explores “structural, political and ideological factors” and how they impact on the “principles, institutional features and political characteristics” (Daly and Yeates, 2002, p. 1) that have set both countries on different trajectories. I will explore the factors that have been addressed by Daly and Yeates including The Poor Laws, The Beveridge Report, current development and their trajectories. I will also explore other factors such as Fabianism, Keynesian economics, the Second World War and changes in Governments and economies as I believe it is important to analyse social security within the larger context of society.
The article states Ireland and Britain have a social security system “that was once almost identical” (Daly and Yeates, 2002, p. 87). The Poor Laws are taken to be the major influence of social security in both countries. The Poor Laws distinguished between the ‘undeserving’ and the ‘deserving poor’ who were the elderly, the very young and the sick. This laissez-faire approach was intended to promote individualism and self-responsibility (Considine and Dukeloe, 2009). Nevertheless, in Ireland, the depth of poverty was immense and lack of resources an opportunities meant that the people were “in permanent want” (Kiely, G. O’Donnell, A. Kennedy, P. Quin, S. 1999, p. 13). Britain has a long history of support dating back to the Elizabethan Poor Laws of 1601, “the provision of which did not apply to Ireland” (Kiely et al., 1999, p. 1). The Poor Law in Britain included outdoor relief, which was relief in the community but this wasn’t introduced in Ireland until the famine of 1845 when the British State