), Criminological Theory: Past to Present (pp. 189-197). New York: Oxford University Press Inc. Agnew, R. (2011). Pressured into crime: General strain theory. In F. Cullen & R. Agnew (Eds.
These characteristics are Barkan and Bryjak mentioned in the book that some “kinds” of people to contribute crimes than others. However, we should know that any of these explanations are not absolutely true and they just explain that some of our social characteristics influence chances of committing crimes. Works Cited Barkan, Steven E., and George J. Bryjak. Myths and Realities of Crime and Justice: What Every American Should Know. 2nd ed.
Each reaction to the crime will lead to a different outcome, for example if the offender gets away with the crime that fear of being caught slowly diminishes giving them confidence to continue with their delinquent behaviour. This theory stresses the importance of the individual's characteristics an... ... middle of paper ... ...individual's criminal behaviour, assuming each city has the same strain for each individual. According to this theory there would be no difference between an individual's strain in Toronto compared to an individual who lives in Brantford. The General Theory of Crime also ignores the moral notion of good and bad or right and wrong. Working off of last class's discussion we spoke of what stops us from committing murders and most of us answered living with our conscience would be so hard after committing such an act, but that is not an analyzed in this article.
Cahn, Steven M. Exploring Ethics: An Introductory Anthology. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. 114-125. Pojman, Louis P. "Strengths and Weaknesses of Utilitarianism." Cahn, Steven M. Exploring Ethics: An Introductory Anthology.
New York: Oxford University Press. Swift, J. K., Callahan, J. L., & Vollmer, B. M., (2011). Preferences. In J. C. Norcross (Ed. ), Psychotherapy relationships that work (2nd ed.).
Cullen and Agnew (2011) stated that deterrence occurs when a person refrains from committing a criminal act due to the threat of punishment being greater than the chance for a reward. The typical, average, law abiding, rational thinking, and responsible American does not commit crimes. Why? Because it is against the law, and there is a punishment that for most people far exceeds the reward that they will receive for committing the crime. For most people the threat of being punishment or the possibility of being caught for a crime is enough to deter criminal activity.
Deterrence theory of crime is a method in which punishment is used to dissuade people from committing crimes. There are two types of deterrence: general and specific. General deterrence is punishment to an individual to stop the society as a whole from committing crimes. In other word, it is using the punishment as an example to “scare” society from precipitating in criminal acts. Under general deterrence, publicity is a major part of deterrence.
Retrieved from Corrado, M. (2010). “The Future of Adversarial Systems: An introduction to the papers from the first conference”. North Carolina Journal of International Law and Commercial Regulation, 35(2), 285-296. Dammer, H.R., & Albanese, J.S., (2011). Comparative Criminal Justice System.
“Psychological Egoism.” Ethics: History, Theory, and Contemporary Issues. Eds. Steven M. Cahn and Peter Markie. New York: Oxford UP, 2009. 548-555.