# Contributions of Isaac Newton

896 Words4 Pages
Even though Newton contributed to calculus centuries ago, there were still some similarities to modern day calculus, but there were also some differences compared to modern day calculus. Newton’s calculus resembled a current day textbook in that the problems contained numbers and variables. Newton’s calculus also contained many life application problems such as problems dealing with acceleration and velocity. In addition, Newton’s calculus dealt with derivatives, integrals, and binomials. However, Newton’s calculus and today’s calculus differs in that there were numerous mathematicians who lived after Newton who invented more calculus, expanded on calculus, or applied calculus to other things. These men were Euler, Fourier, Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss, Johann Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet, and Bernhard Riemenn. Euler invented the symbols e and π. In addition, Euler dealt with the concept of infinity. Also, Fourier expanded the definitions of derivatives and integrals. Gauss applied calculus to geometry and conics. Dirichlet invented the definition of a function, which is still used today. Finally, Riemenn redefined an integral, and that definition is still used today in textbooks (“History of Calculus”). Also, today, we tend to use limits more often (“The History of Calculus”). Therefore, Newton’s calculus was very similar to modern day calculus in that it required applied mathematics, but there were also other mathematicians who advanced calculus as well, which made modern day calculus different from Newton’s. There are numerous ideas about Newton being an applied mathematician, theoretical mathematician, or scientist. However, the definition of applied mathematics is, “the mathematics of problems arising in the phy... ... middle of paper ... ... History of Calculus. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2014. "History Of The Catholic Church." History Of The Catholic Church. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2014. "Isaac Newton (1643 - 1727)." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2014. "Newton - 17th Century Mathematics - The Story of Mathematics." Newton - 17th Century Mathematics - The Story of Mathematics. Luke Mastin, n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2014. "Newton and Leibniz: The Calculus Controversy." Fitchburg State University. Fitchburg State University, n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2014. Redd, Stacy. "Introduction to the 17th- and 18th- Century Literature: Major Authors and Works." Education Portal. Education-Portal.com, n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2014. "The Scientific Revolution." The Scientific Revolution. Pearson Education, n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2014. "Timeline of Christian History." Timeline of Christian History. Christianity In View, n.d. Web. 13 Mar. 2014.