This essay will put forward the differences between the modern Cartesian subject and the subject of postmodernity which reflect transformation of the subject through different eras in time. The essay will look at the meditations and works of Descartes and Nietzsche alike. The essay will give evidence and provide a greater understanding of the main difference between the medieval and the Cartesian subject was the idea of self-consciousness or awareness through the replacement of God. The essay will elaborate on the understanding of modernity as well postmodernity with the juxtaposition s of which exist in each school of thought, whilst tracing the history of both theories on how the thought systems came to understand religion and politics.
The notion of modernity, it could be argued, first manifested through the French philosopher Descartes who out forward the idea of the medieval man to critically view God and the world in order to find its absolute truths.
Moreover, the idea of postmodernity ‘rubbishes’ the idea of an absolute as proposed by the Cartesian school of thought. The postmodern subject therefore places greater significance on relative knowledge or understanding, which discards absolute truths, the primary subject of the human subject, and meta-narratives on society and the universe. (R. Descartes, 1947). Postmodernity also places significance on the notion that society is dominantly characterized by social division, and identity politics. (R. Descartes, 1947).
The Medieval man’s thought on the universe
During the middle Ages, people dominantly believed in divinity and the preordained existence of humanity with God as the omniscient, omnipotent, and omnibenevolent force. The notion of self-identity was inconceiva...
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... (Dreyfus and Kelly, 2011, 12).
Therefore, the only it was deduced that the only certain truth is was in his ability to think and therefore unknowingly placing doubt on the 'absolute' stance and nature of religion, ultimately, putting the existence of God into question.
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