Constructivism Essay

831 Words4 Pages
Constructivism is a somewhat new, but up-and-coming ideology that is progressing through education. In order to properly understand constructivism, one must understand the history. Then, building upon the history one begins to understand its progression through education. Then, building upon that knowledge we can begin to see the applications of constructivism in the modern classroom. In the process of establishing the layout this paper, a method of constructivism, also known as scaffolding, was shown. Scaffolding is the process of establishing what a learner's base knowledge is and then teaching them in a method that relates and builds upon that. This leads into the broader idea of Constructivism, which the view of learning is based upon the learner produces knowledge and form meaning based upon their experience. ("Piaget's Theory of Constructivism", 2006) The first constructivist theories were developed by Jean Piaget and John Dewey. Piaget, also a world renown educational psychologist, view the learner as a scientist. Its focus is on the learners, "individual, internal construction of knowledge." (Gainer, 2017) His definition of constructivism is the most commonly known as cognitive constructivism. Dewey, in addition contributed to Piaget's train of thought by viewing education as something that is grounded in real experiences. Lev Vygotsky, on the other hand, developed the idea of social interactionist constructivism. Vygotsky viewed the learner as a communicator. This most closely means that a learner begins constructing knowledge socially, and then develops it on their own later. (Gainer, 2017) Vygotsky also coined the term scaffolding, which is a common teaching method used in classrooms today. Scaffolding, which was loo... ... middle of paper ... ...ch empirical and theoretical evidence confirmed" (p.9, 2017). Even research professionals agree that scaffolding and constructivism are productive forms of education. To conclude, there are many truths that one can take upon finishing. The first is the understanding of the history of constructivism is critical to how we can use it in today’s classrooms. Seeing, through research, what methods have, and have not, been successful in the classroom empowers teachers today to be successful. Second, properly understanding the scaffolding technique and basic examples of it in the classroom is the first place to start when trying to teach. Learning to be a critical thinker and observer will lead to these methods becoming easier and more practical in the classroom. Lastly, research has proven that scaffolding is an effective technique and is possibly the future of education.
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