This metacoginive skill involves the use of learning strategies. Students will learn better if they are able to select the correct learning strategies for particular tasks, monitor the use of these strategies, and use more than one learning strategy at a time. Strategies allow the learner make decisions about how they will successfully complete the task they are presented with. The teacher should teach students a variety of learning strategies and when to use them. It is important to explain how to choose which strategy has the best chance for success based on the situation.
It requires exploration to define and refine the questions and ideas surrounding the problem. 3. Solution building. In problem-based learning, solutions are generated by the students who are the problem solvers; teachers are the coaches. As problem solvers, students engage in observation, inquiry, and investigation into hypotheses and issues, and they formulate conclusions that are consistent with the nature of the problem.
Conversely, students’ approaches to study influence the ways in which they perceive evaluation and assessment. When students participate in formative assessment, there is opportunity to give feedback to students. The provision of feedback is one of the primary functions of formative assessment. A further function of the formative assessment is to provide feedback to the mentors. Concerning these, Bloxham and Boyd (2007) argued that “for assessment to function in a formative way that supports students’ future learning, the findings have to adjust teaching”.
Giving students the end concept as a main focus, while putting all the pieces together, helps students engage in critical thinking aspects of learning. Showing how this impact their life, or how they can apply the information to their life will give the students a more accurate understanding of content. Perkins talked about visions of meaningful education cover three basic outlines: enlightenment, empowerment, and responsibility. I feel that this statement is a powerful statement that covers the basic thought process in lesson planning. How can I enlighten my students?
In other words, the instruction must be thorough. To ensure that I am fulfilling my role as teacher, I must provide an opportunity for the students to respond to the lesson. According to the Richards and Bredfeldt, when a student discovers a relationship between himself and the lesson, the “pathway to personal response stands open.” By making the lessons individually applied, decentralized and student-centered, but teacher-oriente... ... middle of paper ... ...em to look at several elements that affect their student’s motivation and ask why and how this affects them in the first place. After that, I would tell him to arrange a lesson plan utilizing structural factors such as patterns and sequences, with a view to individual application and the group dynamics of the class. By doing so, the teacher can grow in his students a sense of shared motivation guided by these structural factors, so that each interrelated lesson are remembered.
The teacher’s questioning strategy can help students obtain understanding and see connections as they work toward solutions to problems. (Inspire, 2011) “One of the most striking aspects of teaching is that the teacher’s speech consists of questions” (Manouchehri & Lapp, 2003, p.563). Each question the teacher asks should be strategic toward the goal of student learning. The teacher must determine beforehand what student response is desired and structure the questioning accordingly. Questioning can also aid the educator by assessing the students’ comprehension and understanding, thereby allowing the modification of instruction if necessary (Chappell & Thompson, 1999).
Students that can connect personal experiences to the work provided will allow them to better understand the material. This type of experience for a student allows them to get to the right answer by critically thinking. In the educational system, how a teacher teaches their students and how the students learn can be debated through Critical Pedagogy. If a teacher takes on a mainstream approach, they stand in front of a class, present information, and force the student to memorize the information. A dominant approach allows students to create a more meaningful way of understanding the material through outside experiences and to understand it past what one teacher is saying it should mean.
Problem-based learning is a strategy that allows students to alleviate their doubts and uncertainties, investigate and find answers to their questions, and explore their curiosities about how the world works (Tillman, 2013). It is a method of teaching that is suited to the way the brain works, presents information in a variety of ways, utilizes different learning modalities, and provides experiences that are hands-on (Etherington, 2011). Students direct what is happening. It is intended to improve students’ ability to transfer knowledge to various settings and problems (Purichia, 2015). Problem-based learning gives power to students to research a problem, to take ideas from theory into practice, and to apply facts to actual situations
The first is the cognitive domain of the students. This includes how students organize and retain the knowledge that is presented to them as well as their preferred learning style. A successful teacher should be aware of these factors and their curriculum should reflect this by using different teaching methods. This is to ensure each student is given the opportunity to absorb as much knowledge as they can. The next factor affecting the nature of students are their attitudes, or affective domain.
Next, a teacher must be able to create cognitive dissonance; this can be achieved by making the students aware of the difference between their prior knowledge and the new knowledge being taught. Group discussions allow for students to make connections between their prior knowledge and new knowledge, ultimately leading to a successful transfer of permanent knowledge.