The client will appoint a main contractor who will be responsible for the whole construction operation.The main contractor will hire several sub contractor to undertake individual work packages. The design and build procurement method appeals to the clients because it gives a single point of responsibility for building the entire project. However, this method is only appropriate for simple project where design quality is not the main priority. (Designing Buildings Wiki, 2014) The diagram below shows the Design and Bid route. Image
Civil engineering involves other built structures such as roads, bridges, dams, railways and much more. With all the good things that the construction industry provides for humans, there are problems that are affecting the industries future. The construction industry faces workforce challenges that could can cause them major problems in the future The lack of training in the workplace of employees can have a great effect on a company and how it performs. Employees without training will not understand how to do their work, therefore, slowing the production of a company down. Unskilled workers are bound to cause errors which could lead to injuries.
Abstract Risks are inherent in almost every work done by human so as in construction projects. Lives, property and money are lost due to these risks. These losses can happen due to human carelessness or extreme environmental conditions and these losses can be mitigated by proper risk management plan. Construction projects are vast and complex. The risks vary by varying construction projects types.
Most complex projects share the common theme that they are brought with risks and uncertainty that can cause cost escalations. For example, that about 80% of all projects begin the construction process with a high level of uncertainty. The construction project manager has a challenging tasks to build a complex project that is on budget. The primary focus of this research is to present a methodology that assist project managers to control cost when constructing a complex structure. Project management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities in order to meet or exceed stakeholder needs and expectations from a project (PMI 1997).
Consideration and analysis in selecting the appropriate procurement have to be made and it will include several main criteria such as cost certainty, time certainty, speed, and flexibility. Nowadays, the perspective of choosing the appropriate procurement is based on the past experience. Price and trust are one of key that taking part in the construction procurement. The parties that usually involved in determining a price for whole or certain jobs in the construction project is clients, subcontractors, and the main contractor. Neither price nor trust can be underestimated as procurement mechanism.
Introduction Strategic development or strategic planning in any organization is about building a strategy or taking a decision about allocating its finance and resource to implement a strategy. It also leads to give a guideline on the control management of implementing that strategy. Strategic management in a construction company plays a very important function, as with each project the company needs to build up new strategies or revise the older ones. However, the constructions companies are comparatively open than any other organization, which is that they are more open to change. A construction company is usually characterized by its external environment which is based on their economic characterization which is economical, political,
3.2.2 Sub- contractor The subcontractor is consisting of whole variety contractor who did work according to certain trade skill, expertise and their own capacity. Construction project usually needs employee from a contractor that is different at the same time. 3.3 CONTRACTOR 3.3.1 CLASSES OF CONTRACTOR In order to obtain contract work from the government agencies and statutory board, registra... ... middle of paper ... ...fered in the tender. Based on CIDB directory for contractor, usually they perform light and not overall work compared to large contractor, such as maintenance of water supply and sewerage system, electrical installation, installation of water pipe, concrete repair works, landscaping works and other, but not all the work that they do are light , they also performing the heavy and and dangerous work such as: I. High voltant Electric installation works.
Firms in these two sectors are principally encorporated in contracts that include responsibility for all aspects of individual projects and are commonly known as general contractors. • The 3rd major sector of construction industry includes establishments in the specialty trades, which are primarily engaged in activities to produce a specific component (e.g. masonry, painting and electrical work) of a project. Specialty trade contractors obtain orders for their work from general contractors, architects or property owners.
1.2 Motivation Productivity is the key to the survival and growth of any organisation, industry or nation. Well-known Construction Company like L&T, have reported productivity issues. Some factors constrain the achievement of the set project objectives in the building and construction industry and are responsible for the reported steady decline of the productivity and performance. Thus resulting in time and cost overruns. Most of the papers focus on the factors affecting productivity.
This will likely be the major factor in determining whether an interested contractor bids on a project. Those without the staff to handle the time constraints, or who have other conflicting projects, may decide they cannot do the job. Specifications are usually used by many parties such as contractor, consultant and etc. The installation method of all the sections for the construction such as foundation, windows, door etc. are all clearly described in the specification.