Considerations of Individuality in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Autism There is no standard ‘type’ or ‘typical’ person with autism. Parents may hear more than one label applied to the same child: autistic-like, learning disabled with autistic tendencies, high functioning or low functioning autism. These labels don’t describe differences between children as much as they indicate differences between professionals’ training, vocabulary and exposure to autism (1) In my first web paper I considered Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and questioned whether its’ symptoms and underlying neurobiology should be considered a disorder, or rather simply a difference among humans’ nervous systems. In a further exploration of the idea of individuality within a diagnostically defined disorder, I have researched autism. By definition, autistic individuals present symptoms with varying degrees of severity. It is therefore considered a spectrum disorder, meaning that its’ “symptoms and characteristics can present themselves in a wide variety of combinations, from mild to severe (1).” A diagnosis of autism can result from any combination of its defined behaviors. In addition to this, there is a host of related disorders, in which some but not all symptoms of autism are present. These include Asperger Syndrome, Fragile X Syndrome, Rett Syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (PDDNOS) (4)(2). Because of its characteristic breadth, autism is a good example of the implications of being seen as an individual within a group possessing a defined disorder. Current professional opinion stresses the importance of accurately assessing differences in neurological deficits, even if they present similar autistic sympt... ... middle of paper ... ...ninds.nih.gov/HEALTHINFO/DISORDER/AUTISM/autism.htm 3)paper by Dena Bodian from Neurobiology and Behavior 1998 http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/bb/neuro/neuro98/202s98-paper1/Bodian.htm%20l 4)Overview of Autism by Stephen Edelson, Ph. D., at the Center for the Study of Autism http://www.brainnet.org/autism.htm 5)Autism? What is it? http://users.planetc.com/new.html 6)Stereotypic (Self-stimulatory) Behavior by Stpehen M. Edelson http://www.autsim.org/stim.html 7)The Cerebellum and Autism by Stephen M. Edelson http://www.autism.org/cerebel.html 8)Genetics and Autism by Stephen M. Edelson http://www.autism.org/genetics.html 9)Autism and the Limbic System by Stephen M. Edelson http://www.autism.org/limbic.html Other Resources: 10)”The Child with Special Needs"by Stanley I. Greenspan and Serena Wieder. Massachusetts: Perseus Books, 1998.
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
In1954, Ray Kroc, a multimixer salesman came upon the McDonald brother’s restaurant and was inspired to join the bu...
The strengths in my writing are my organizational skills, grammatical construct, and my work ethic. Organizing an essay is a very natural process for me. I always follow the basic guidelines for the structure of an essay, which state that one must have an introduction, thesis statement, body, conclusion, and a works cited when needed. The “Are Helicopter Parents Entering the No Fly Zone?” essay, “Animal Cloning—How Unethical Is It?” essay, and the “The Clean Water Act—Is it Successfully Reducing Water Pollution?” essay all have a proper introduction, an informative thesis statement, a body, great conclusions, and works cited pages. Formatting the essays is an integral aspect of organizational skills. Each new paragraph is indented, the font is twelve-point Times New Roman, the sentences are double spaced, and the headers are correct.
With the help of 68 million customers around the world, McDonald’s has become a top ten company in the world with billions of dollars coming in. The story of McDonald’s started within the minds of Richard and Maurice McDonald in San Bernardino, California on May 15, 1940. The two brothers came up with the idea of the fast food chain with the observation from their father who was an owner of his own restaurant called “The Airdome.” Later, the brothers were given the idea to add the thought of a corporation with the help of Ray Kroc, seller of the milkshake machine that has been used at McDonald’s. Ray Kroc turned a locally branch fast food restaurant into what it is today. Today, McDonald’s is a company that is highly respected because of how
First off, autism is not a form of mental retardation despite what the general public may have you believe. In actuality, autism, which was first described by Kanner (1943) in his study of 11 children with “autistic disturbances of affective contact” (US: American Psychological Ass...
Students should begin each Clarke exercise at a slow tempo to focus on sound production and air flow. At this moment speed should be the least concern for the student. Once the student is very comfortable playing each exercise with a consistent sound and
Ray Kroc was an interesting person. Kroc loved adventure, and he formed a lifestyle out of it. Kroc never graduated high school. According to the Reader’s Companion to American history, “Ray Kroc never finished high school.” Instead, he became a volunteer ambulance driver in World War 1, A musician, and a sales manager for Lily Tulip. Also, Kroc sold a milkshake mixing machine. According to the birth of fast food, Kroc flew from southern California to see a why restaurant needed eight of his milkshake mixing machines. Most of Kroc’s customers would only buy one mixing machine, so when the McDonald brothers bought so many machines he had to investigate. So, Kroc met
Harold Earl of Wessex was the paramount Saxon warrior of his age. Even though he lacked royal ancestry, the Witan (the Saxon ruling body) chose him to be king in hope that he would be able to forestall invasions from Norway and Normandy. Both countries hoped to take command of England, since no royal Saxon-Wessex heir was on hand who had credible military leadership ability to defend the Saxon homeland.
In 1066 when his claim to the English throne was threatened by Harold Godwinson. Due to the fact that Harold Godwinson overlooked the dead king's wishes. Edward the Confessor, sworn his loyalty to William of Normandy when he died not to Harold. Harold Godwinson promptly had himself proclaimed king. It was only a matter of months before William, Duke of the large and powerful duchy of Normandy in France, paid Harold a visit to bring to his remembrance his own claim to the throne. William raised an army of Normans by promising them land and wealth when he came into his rightful kingship. October 14th 1066 he and William fought at the famous battle of Hastings. William and his army of Normans came, saw, and conquered. True to his promise to his fellow warriors, William systematically replaced the English nobility with Norman barons and noblemen who took control of the land, the people, and the government.
I knew that I should have a thesis, a few body paragraphs with evidence, a paragraph dedicated to the counterargument and a conclusion. After learning to replace the thesis with a complex claim, my writing has really evolved because it forces me to plan out the organization of my papers in advance, and can be used as a point of reference whenever I’m unsure about which direction to go next. The first draft of my Short Assignment 1 – Advertisement Genre Analysis is a pretty good example of how I wrote most of my papers in high school. After going back and revising the assignment for this portfolio, the final result is an excellent showcase of how my writing has evolved and become more thoughtful and
McDonald’s corporation is an international fast food chain that has provided their products and services for seventy-five years with its founder Ray Croc. The fast food chain first opened their restaurant in Des Plains, Illinois in 1955. (Klein, 2015) Ever since then, the fast food chain has served over a million of their products and still continues to rise in today’s market share. McDonald’s consumers dine in to have the restaurant’s famous burgers such as big macs and other food offering such as chicken nuggets, french fries, milk shares, happy meals and other types of burgers.
Teachers always want to teach students in the most effective ways possible. Over time, schools have adopted technologies, believing that they help the students and the teachers. Slowly but surely, changes in classrooms have been seen, with the blackboard turning to a whiteboard and the overhead projector turning into a computer projector. This goes for public and private schools, along with colleges and universities. Sometimes, the technology is provided for students and teachers, and other times they are ...
McDonald's is the world's largest and best-known global food service retailer, with more than 27,000 restaurants serving more than 43 million people a day in 119 countries. Approximately 80 percent of McDonald's global restaurants are owned and operated by independent franchisees.
The Amalgamation of Richard, and Maurice McDonalds, and Ray Kroc in 1955, set in motion a great cultural phenomenon, that would lead to the transformation of American gastronomy, impact their health, and become a formidable global ambassador of Americanization--the Fast food culture (Wilson).
It is very hard not to realize that technology has overpowered education in many ways. “Technology integration is similar to a tidal wave, growing silently in strength, then falling with an unstoppable roar upon those who paid no attention or showed little interest” (Guhlin, 40). Nowadays, computers are almost considered a necessity in the classroom, and are the main component of technology integration. Computers are being used in more numerous ways, besides only being used for basic word processing. With a simple computer, copious availabilities of technologies can be used in the classroom. “The one thing that is so great about the computer is that it does give a lot of instruction--and you don't need to have hearing to take advantage of it” (Anderson, 12). It’s amazing how one simple screen can provide everlasting opportunity for learning.