Conservatism And Nationalism In The Industrial Revolution

850 Words4 Pages
The socialist revolution began as a response to the rising dissatisfaction with the existing ideologies of both conservatism and liberalism. The second Industrial Revolution spread throughout Europe during the nineteenth century, creating new social circumstances for all. Although this revolution helped to create an increase in the wealth of a portion of the citizens in Europe, it also created a larger gap in living conditions between those who “had” and those who “had-not”. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels were both members of the Communist League, a group of German socialist revolutionaries. Together they drafted the league’s statements into a pamphlet called The Communist Manifesto, listing the group’s grievances with the current affairs of the world. Many of the ideas put forth by Marx and Engels in the…show more content…
One of the major discrepancies between socialist ideologies and liberal ideologies was the socialist’s lack of interest in the nationalist movement. Nationalism is “the loyalty and devotion to [one’s] nation”. During the nineteenth century, the masses were largely in favor of nationalism, using it as a basis for many revolutions. However, Marx and Engels believed that the nationalist struggle should be second in importance to the class struggle. Marx and Engels stated that “the working men have no country. […] [the proletariat] must rise to be the leading class of the nation, must constitute itself the nation, it is, so far, itself national, though not in the bourgeois sense of the word”. Marx and Engels put much more emphasis on the importance of class, and how ‘nations’ should be established by class. This belief system is
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