Childhood Obesity Introduction The past several decades have seen an escalating trend in the rate of childhood obesity not only in the United States where 25%-30% of children are affected, but also in many of the industrialized nations. Childhood obesity has continued to be a major issue in the public health care system. The economic cost of the medical expenses as well as the lost income resulting from the complications of obesity both in children and adults has been estimated at almost $100 billion (Barnes, 2011). Overweight children are more predisposed to the danger of becoming overweight in their adulthood unless they ensure healthier eating habits and exercise. It is worth noting that the current lifestyle in which many children spend a lot of time watching television as well as the consumption of sugary and fatty foods has significantly contributed to the high prevalence of childhood obesity.
Although many parents admit that their children are obese, others fail to accept that this is an epidemic that should be controlled and given their immediate attention (Green & Reese, 2006). What comes hand-in-hand with obesity is nothing good. Every day, new studies suggest a parental contribution to the growing obesity problem concerning young children. Without intervention, these kids are prone to become obese adults in the future and develop severe health conditions (“Parents Blamed for Childhood Obesity,” 2009). Nevertheless, intervention aimed at preventing childhood obesity should involve parents as important forces to manage their children’s behavior.
Overall childhood obesity needs to be taken seriously as there are many parents who are in desperate need of help for their children. Childhood obesity was recognized in 1909 by insurance companies after evaluating their statistics. “Obesity is defined as an abnormal increase of fat in the subcutaneous connective tissue (Kelly 5). This definition is debated among physicians and the most common way people determine whether another person is obese is simply by looking at the person. However, Kelly states that some professionals aren’t accurate when determining if a person suffers from obesity.
What is one of the most serious problems for children in North America today? These days, many people suffer from obesity in North America and, it causes problems such as heart disease, diabetes, and early mortality. A lot of people think that obesity is a problem only for adults, but now obesity has become one of the most serious problems for children in North America. Childhood obesity occurs when children are overweight and this is measured by body mass index (BMI). Obese children tend to be unhappy because they often have bad health, bad social relationships, and low self-confidence.
Family Influence can cause obesity in children by not eating healthy. If a parent themselves are obese or if the genes run in the family than most likely the child will be as well. ‘Fat cells are not the only obesity related story out there today; Scientist found a common genetic variant that increases the risk of obesity in its carriers. Melanocortin-4 receptor or MC4F is involved in controlling appetite and metabolism. 81% of people carry at least one risky variant of either FTO or MC4R’ (Loos).
Childhood obesity is becoming more and more common as the years go by. The physical health issues of being obese are bad enough for the child, but what about the emotional toll of being obese? Most obese children have to deal with more than just losing their excess weight. Having childhood obesity can lead to having depression, a low self-esteem, and social stigmatization. The emotional toll of having childhood obesity is very damaging on a child's life.
Although, there are many health threats in the world today, “…childhood obesity (is) one of the leading health threats in the United States” (2). Even the statistics show that obesity is becoming an epidemic. In fact, “[s]ince the 1970s, the prevalence of obesity has more than doubled for preschool children and adolescents and more than tripled for school-aged children” (1). With the increasing numbers it causes people to wonder if there are other causes for obesity. Through tests and observations it has been found that obesity can be caused by other factors.
If this pattern continues over time, they develop more fat cells and may develop obesity. Childhood obesity will cause physical, social and emotional adversities for your child Obesity has many primary factors that can cause this disease, the main ones being: social, genetic, and economic. Nutrition, physical activity, and family factors also contribute to obesity. Children with obese parents have a fifty percent of being obese. If a child has two obese parents he’s at a higher risk of thirty percent of being obese than a child with one obese parent.
Eating practices that children are taught or learn during childhood affects a person later in their life whether they know or not. Multiple studies have confirmed that childhood obesity in the U.S has been on a rise for years. One out of three children in the U.S are obese, most of them face a higher risk of having medical, social and academic problems. Childhood obesity also leads to many health problems among young people. Those problems include diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and many more others.