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Consanguinity Case Study

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TYPE OF HORIZONTAL DEVIATION IN CONSANGUINITY. Samia Iqbal, Muhammad Shafiq, Muhammad Zeeshan,,Hakim Anjum Nadeem, Muhammad Jamshed. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . See end of article for authors affiliations …..……………………….. Correspondence to: Dr.samia Iqbal(OD) The University of Lahore teaching hospital Email: samiaiqbal988@gmail.com Purpose: To find out the association and types of strabismus on consanguinity. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Duration and Place of Study: Department of ophthalmology, The University of Lahore teaching hospital from september to december…show more content…
Out of 93patients 28(30.1%) were males and 65(56.9%) were females. Out of 93 patients 19 (20.5%) people having age 3 to 6 years and 38(40.8%) have age 7 to 11 years old and remaining 36(38.7%) have age 12 to 15 years. Horizontal deviation seen in 93 patients the 55(59.1) had exotropia and 38(40.8%) had esotropia. There is a significant association between refractive error and strabismus is found, as, df= 1 and p value is 0.000.Out of 93 the 17(18.2%) are emmetrope and 22(23.65%) are myope. Out of 93 the 7(7.5%) were hyperopes, 25(26.8%) had myopic astigmatism and 10(10.7%) had hyperopic astigmatism and the remaining 12(12.9%) had mixed astigmatism. Conclusion: Consanguinity causes deviation in the eyes and causes refractive errors. Horizontal deviation seen in the children having age 3 to 15 years and positive history of consanguinity. It is concluded that consanguinity cause deviation in the eyes i.e strabismus and refractive errors. Key Word: Consanguinity, Horizontal…show more content…
Table no.3 TYPE OF DEVIATION. Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent Valid Exotropia 55 59.1 59.1 59.1 Esotropia 38 40.8 40.8 100 Total 93 100.0 100.0 TABLE NO.4 Distribution of patients according to Refractive Error. Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent Valid Emmetrope 17 18.2 18.2 18.2 Myopia 22 23.65 23.65 41.8 Hyperopia 7 7.5 7.5 49.3 Myopic Astigmatism 25 26.8 26.8 76.1 Hyperopic Astigmatism 10 10.7 10.7 88.8 mixed astigmatism 12 12.9 12.9 100.0 Total 93 100.0 100.0 Finally main results are given above in Table 4(Appendix) and a significant association between refractive error and strabismus is found, as, df= 1 and p value is 0.000.Out of 93 the 17(18.2%) are emmetrope and 22(23.65%) are myope.Out of 93 the 7(7.5%) are hyperopes, 25(26.8%) have myopic astigmatism and 10(10.7%) have hyperopic astigmatism and the remaining 12(12.9%) have mixed astigmatism. Friedman Test: Test Statistics N 93 Chi-Square 93.000 Df 1 Asymp. Sig. .000 a. Friedman Test Friedmen test results shows that there is statistically significant association of strabismus with
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