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Congres The Two Reconstruction Case Study

analytical Essay
998 words
998 words
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The presidency of Andrew Johnson in 1965 after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln brought forth a new plan for Reconstruction, which followed a firm mindset of states having their own rights. President Johnson firmly opposed land reform and he also wanted to pardon all rebels . During Reconstruction, with President Johnson running the country, the land that was won by the Union Army and given to the newly freed slaves, was forced back to its owner’s pre Civil War . President Johnson showed obvious signs of bias towards the Southern States to rebuild their economies however which way they pleased, as long as they followed the thirteenth amendment put in place. The southern states were then ignited to create and adopt what they called, “Black Codes”. The incentives behind these newly enacted laws were to prevent the newly freed slaves from completing certain achievements and making sure that they were available for hire in certain labor industries. …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes how the presidency of andrew johnson in 1965 brought forth a new plan for reconstruction, which followed the firm mindset of states having their own rights.
  • Explains how the southern states created and adopted "black codes" to prevent newly freed slaves from completing certain achievements and making sure that they were available for hire in certain labor industries.
  • Explains that the reconstruction act passed in 1867 allowed for military to go into south and outlined how the state governments were to be organized to bring equality to both the north and south
  • Explains that the supreme court played a large role in concluding the first reconstruction. the u.s. v. cruikshank case in 1873 was detrimental to elongating it.
  • Describes the 1876 presidential election between rutherford b. hayes and samuel j. tilden that hindered the first reconstruction.
  • Analyzes how richard vallely's "the two reconstructions" analyzed the failure of the first republican government. the rise of white supremacy groups and racism created an opportunity for democrats to creep back into the political realm.

His historical accounts brought forth throughout the book emphasized certain key actors hindering the First Reconstruction’s success; the assignation of Abraham Lincoln, the split among the Republicans, and negative court rulings against federal protection of the 15th amendment as well as the 1877 Compromise were the major events leading to the ultimate failure of the First Reconstruction. With the North politically unfocused and unable to create a plan to efficiently and effectively rekindle the relationship between themselves and the South, reflected the nature of the Reconstruction. Although, there was a short period of time where newly freed slaves were brought into the political arena, the rise of white supremacy groups and racism created an opportunity for Democrats to creep back into the political realm, failing to successfully integrate African American’s into society as

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