The three different artificial airways traumas that will be discussed are the nasopharyngeal airway, oropharyngeal airway and the tracheal airway. Each artificial airway is done based on the patient’s injuries and needs. The first is nasopharyngeal intubation which is a difficult method of intubation and is done on unconscious patients. Nasopharyngeal intubation is the method used with a patient that has facial injuries or will have oral surgery. Trauma to the nasal mucosa can result in a nosebleed, nasal polyps, nasal adhesion and ischemia. Tracheal lesions such as granulomas, tracheomalacia, and trachea...
Oxygen should be provided as needed, and the patient should be placed on seizure precautions. The patient should be positioned with the head of the bead at 30 degrees to avoid aspiration. Safety measures must be in place.
Definition of Emphysema Emphysema is a long-term respiratory disease that is also one of the many diseases, for the most part, known as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). ((n.d.). Merriam-Webster). In the course of Emphysema, the alveoli, which are tiny air sacs in the lungs, are continuously demolished making it progressively harder and harder to breathe. When the narrow, fragile alveoli become damaged and or destroyed in any way, the lungs will no longer have its’ natural elasticity that it once had.
What is Emphysema? Emphysema is known as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, which is “the overall term for a group of chronic lung conditions that obstruct the airways in the lungs” (Litin 775). On average, there are about 75,000 Americans who die of lung diseases each year (Levitzky 262), making chronic obstructive pulmonary disease a major cause of death in this country. People who know the symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases, can change their lifestyle to prevent the onset of full blown Emphysema.
Emphysema Introduction: Emphysema is a condition of the lungs that involves the over-inflation of the air sacs, otherwise known as the alveoli. Normal functioning of the alveoli helps breathing in normal respiration. Unlike other lung diseases this one can be inherited. This is a disease that can affect people of all ages and genders. In 1994, the number of males with emphysema outnumbered the females by fifty four percent.
Pulmonary Diseases Any disorder or disease that occurs in the lungs or causes the lungs not to function correctly is referred to as lung disease. The three main types consist of lung tissue diseases, airway diseases, and pulmonary circulation diseases. Lung tissue diseases involve the lung tissue structure. When the tissue becomes inflamed and scarred, the lungs are no longer able to fully expand, which is known as restrictive lung disease. In addition, it also causes the lungs to have more difficulty taking in oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide.
In conclusion, early diagnosis followed by an appropriate airway intervention is essential to prevent cardiac arrest or irreversible brain damage that occurs within minutes of complete airway obstruction. Although the conventional techniques remains standard option, every physician has to be familiar with the process of evaluating a difficult airway and, in the event of the unanticipated difficult airway and be able to use a wide variety of techniques to avoid complications and fatality. Airway management of the patient requires a coordinated effort from other consultants or colleagues, if available, can be the key to success in some circumstances.
It is essential to make sure that the patient is fine once the procedure has been finished and prior to them leaving. If there have been no complications, then the patient will most likely be ok. Nevertheless make sure that the site has stopped bleeding and that they are not feeling faint. If there was any complications, for example, hitting an artery, haematoma or fainting, then make sure you follow the process for dealing with the complication and let the patient know what they need to do if any symptoms
Emphysema Emphysema is a condition in which there is over-inflation of structures in the lungs known as alveoli or air sacs. This over-inflation results from a breakdown of the walls of the alveoli, which causes a decrease in respiratory function (the way the lungs work) and often, breathlessness. Early symptoms of emphysema include shortness of breath and cough. Emphysema and chronic bronchitis together comprise chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). HOW SERIOUS IS EMPHYSEMA?
Emphysema is one of several diseases usually labeled collectively as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). It’s the most common cause of death from respiratory disease in the United States; approximately 2 million Americans are afflicted with the disease. Emphysema(COPD) appears to be more prevalent in men than women. Postmortem findings reveal few adult lungs without some degree of emphysema.