2014. Historical Chinese proverbs are used to illustrate a point, describe a legendary figure, or describe a historical event. Chinese proverbs are often associated with moral lessons; they are used to teach literature and morality. Cleary, Thomas. Further Teachings of Lao-tzu.
“These two popular movements were also forerunners of Daoism, which became the most important religious tradition founded in China” (37). The presentation of the text is thematic and it provides the reader with a step by step analysis to religions and practices. The author presents the concept in a very organized fashion. The first chapter introduces the beliefs and values of China’s living system, with the concept of Feng-shui and qi. The next chapter gives a brief overview of the historical developments of the different religions; Daoism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Popular Religion, and Foreign Religion.
The Wisdom of Confucius ' When you see a good man, try to emulate his example, and when you see a bad man, search yourself for his faults. '; That quote is one of the many morals stated by the ancient Chinese philosopher, Confucius, which we still live by today. The Wisdom of Confucius, edited and translated by Lin Yutang, takes the best things said and said about Confucius and put them into one three hundred page book. It follows his life, from his lowly birth in the small town of Tsou, to his death as one of the world's greatest philosophers. The book also shows his ideas and beliefs on such subjects as education, politics, and music, subjects still evident in modern day society.
Through its various uses of themes, morals, and religious concepts, Chinese mythology serves as a guideline for the daily actions of many. Chinese mythology incorporates a vast number of folk stories, poems, and other pieces of literature that originated from China. Usually, these works share several thoughts and ideas, allowing one to make generalizations about aspects that relate to most Chinese myths. These aspects include theme, religion, and morality, which together provide a basic standard that numerous people follow as a norm of society. In accordance with this, mythology was used to reflect lessons and important ideas found in Chinese culture throughout history.
Besides the major religions, ancestor worship and animism also have strong support in China. Chinese people are very pragmatic, worshipping gods that might answer their prayers. Confucius (551–479 B.C.) was a Chinese philosopher and founder of the Confucian school of thought, which greatly influenced political and social life in China. His teachings are known primarily through the Analects of Confucius, a collection of "brief aphoristic fragments", which was compiled many years after his death.
"Dao" is used as a general name for any kind of native Chinese religion or ancient belief. From ancestor worship to Taoist philosophy in Han Dynasty, it has strong connections with rules, principles, states, ultimate truth and so on (Huber & Zhao, 2011). Confucianism and Taoism inherit the essence of “Dao”, which have common pursuit and different thoughts in terms of politic and values. Confucianism is a both philosophy and religion, while Taoist thinking transferred from philosophy to Taoism that influences deeply to the Han Dynasty. Taoism is basically a term for China’s indigenous philosophies and religious beliefs, indicating as China’s main religion that colors all the others.
Philosophy has guided great thinkers towards obtaining a radical grasp on the world. Masterminds like these are born, grow up, and die; yet, their theories tend to impact humanity’s perception of the world. We call them philosophers, although geniuses such as Plato and Aristotle are the leading examples of understanding simple, but uncovered questions that make up our character. For example, what is life? This is a popular question that people have asked themselves from the moment reason kicks in.
Examples of such viewpoints can be found through the works of many great thinkers throughout the centuries, some dating back to 400 years BCE. A Greek philosopher who developed his viewpoint on ownership was Plato. Plato, being the student of Socrates, was very well educated in philosophical thinking, and he applied his superior knowledge to an analysis of ownership. Plato’s views on ownership entailed the idea that owning objects is detrimental to a person 's character. He believed that the possession of materialistic goods actually damaged a person’s morality.
Confucianism is based on the ideas of K´ung Fu-tzu who was known as Confucius in western societies. The exact dates of his time on earth are not known but it was estimated to be 552 – 479 BCE. Confucius was from the small state of Lu located on the Shandong peninsula in northeastern China and was orphaned at an early age. He was from a poor background and therefore had to undertake lowly pursuits such as bookkeeping and stock raising in order to make a living. Confucius’ life was a pursuit of knowledge as he is quoted saying “At 15 I had set my mind on learning.
Many philosophers have a great and withstanding reputation attached to their name, therefore gaining worldwide respect and inquiry. Two of those philosophers are Plato and Confucius. They are perhaps two of the most recognized names in philosophy, and rightly so because of their contributions to the world. All the knowledge that is spoon-fed to us today was not available to these early philosophers, so it makes their ideas even more commendable. Both of these men dedicated their lives to philosophy, and because of that, they have everlasting places in the philosophical world.