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Confucius and Confucianism

explanatory Essay
791 words
791 words
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One of the most famous people in ancient China was a wise philosopher named Confucius (circa

551-479 BC). He was a great Chinese philosopher, educator, and political figure. His teachings and

proverbs are in the Analects, which is the base of many Chinese theories. He was born

in the village of Zou, and the state of Lu. His father died three years after Confucius' birth leaving the

family in destitution, but Confucius did have a decent education. He was married at the age of 19 and had

one son and two daughters.

He worked as a keeper of a market. Then he was a farm worker who took care of parks and farm

animals. When he was 20, he worked for the governor of his province. After a while he decided to teach,

and he began traveling around and teaching few disciples that gathered around him. He became known as a

man of learning and character. He had a great personality which people were attracted to. His respect

for typical Chinese customs soon spread through out Lu.

Confucius lived in China when it was really unsettled. The rulers were catastrophic, and

Confucius thought the only way to keep life in order was for everyone to go back to traditional principles.

He wanted China to go back to the quiet days of the "sage Kings". This was a time in Chinese history when

Kings ruled organized kingdoms. They were peaceful because everyone knew their place in life and acted

accordingly.

Confucius taught in his school his beliefs about respecting family and ancestors for many years. His

theories and principles were spread throughout China by his disciples, and soon many people learned from

his wise sayings. One of his rules said, "Rulers can be great only if t...

... middle of paper ...

...who was a devout follower of Confucious. These nine books

were considered all you needed to live a good life.

Confucianism started in 136 BC when Wudi?s advisors finally convinced Emperor Wudi that Confucianism

was the superior school. Soon, emperor Wudi set up a Confucian academy to train officials.

In order to get to the Confucian academy, there were a series of examinations. The examination system

spread throughout China and the books previously listed became the basis for these examinations.

First there were the preliminary exams. After that, the first level, if you passed your social class would be

raised higher. Then the second level,which only one in a hundred passed. Finally the final exam, and the

few that passed this exam then had an interview with the emperor who hand picked finalists for

the highest government posts.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that confucius was a great chinese philosopher, educator, and political figure. his teachings and proverbs are in the analects.
  • Narrates how he worked as a market keeper, farm worker, and governor of his province. he became known for his learning and character.
  • Explains that confucius believed that the only way to keep life in order was for everyone to go back to traditional principles. he wanted china to return to the quiet days of the "sage kings".
  • Explains that confucius taught in his school his beliefs about respecting family and ancestors for many years, and spread throughout china by his disciples.
  • Narrates how confucius was appointed magistrate of chung-tu and minister of crime of the state of lu. he left his office in 496 bc, traveling about and teaching, helplessly hoping that some noble would allow him to undertake measures of reform.
  • Explains that confucius' teachings and philosophy were so advanced, it was the education for china for 2,000 years.
  • Explains that five of the books that confucious was supposed to have worked on were collected together and called the five classics.
  • Explains that emperor wudi set up a confucian academy to train officials.
  • Narrates the preliminary exams, the second level, and the final exam, where the emperor hand picked finalists.
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