Confucius was of noble descent in the state of Lu (modern Shantung). No records show him attending school even though Confucius was a well educated man. He had to make his own living at an early age. He started a political career at a young age, rising in the ranks, but fell faster than what he rose. His main goal in politics was to restore humanity and to convince various nobles to follow a certain guideline, but after he was dismissed from government, he never returned to public life. By the age of 20, Confucius decided to become a teacher, to try to change the world through what he teachers. He had a pattern of thinking that inspired many people, no matter what religion they were, most of East Asia and their way of thinking had Confucian elements in them. His policy was "accept anyone as a disciple provided that the student is willing to learn." But the violent leaders at the time, paid no attention to any of his philosophies. Confucius was one of the first and few philosophers to leave a collection of writings behind as a source for all people (like the Bible for Catholics).
For many centuries, Confucianism has been widely revered by the Chinese for its emphasis on morality. Confucius, who lived from 551 to 479 BCE, is different to most philosophers in that he showed no interest questioning his existence, the possibility of a God, or the reality that he seemed to live in; instead he focused on the human relations side of philosophy as it was his belief that people should “give (themselves) earnestly to the duties due to men … (and) keep aloof from (spiritual beings)” (Confucius 195). By negating the metaphysical side of philosophy, he was able to devote himself to mold his disciples into ideal gentleman who were morally righteous, and were able to benefit society. He believed in the importance of individuals who knew their roles in an well-structured society, that was a feudal system. In his opinion, the ideal gentleman should be obedient to his elders, have humanness and be morally righteous. Through his teachings, he was able to reform an entire country; the Chinese found Confucianism to embody practices of humaneness that they could apply in their daily lives through his religion.
Shows how Confucius teaches individuals of both high and low birth to strive for success in their lifetime.
While some individuals searched for individual serenity, others sought for approaches to reinstate political and social order. Confucius, a competent teacher, was one of the many individual who sought to renovate order. His ambition to help rebuild his fallen nation with his teachings was most favorable in establishing stability. As citizens in China accepted and embraced Confucianism as a religion, the shaken country began to stabilize. Confucius’s concern of individual ethics in the spheres of government and society and his teaching of each individual’s duties, social structures, unity, and honor and respect strengthen the Chinese civilization to prevent the disunity and strife of the Warring States Period from reoccurring. With his incessant love for his nation and his beliefs, he played a key role in reconstructing a sound political and social order.
According to Chinese tradition, Confucius or also known as Kong Fu Zi was a thinker, political figure, educator and the creator of the Ru School of Chinese thought. His teachings outlined the demeanour of the ideal man, how individuals should live their lives, interactions with others, society values and ideal governments. If you had all these qualities you were classified as the most ideal man. All these were preserved in the Lun Yu or Analects. Fung Yu-Lan compares Confucius' influence in Chinese history with that of Socrates in the West. In East Asia there were many philosophers but Confucius was thought the greatest. His writings which cons...
Confucius was adamant about respect for superior persons and things. His five basic relationships are between leader and lesser, father and son, older and younger brother, husband and wife, and friend and friend. The younger or lesser was to obey the older or superior but simultaneously the superior has duties to the inferior. (Cowles, p.1507). A...
For more than 2,000 years ,Chinese, Japananese, and Korean people have lived in cultures that were greatly influenced by the thoughts of Confucius. Confucius saw himself as an ordinary man doing a good deed for a diverse group of cultures. He taught his fellow human beings moral behavior and good family relationships. He thought that they are the key to a well ordered society. People valued his opinions and teachings very much and followed them in every day life. Confucius himself avoided talking about religion, but at the same time recognized the importance of worshipping his ancestors. He believed that he was not guided by religion, but by a higher power called heaven.
In Conclusion, Confucius was born 551 B.C., he has influenced people all around the world to this day with his teachings and will be regarded in the future as China's greatest teacher. Confucian classics such as "The Confucian Analects" will be studied and the Confucian virtues, embodied, for incalculable generations to come.
Confucianism is a moral and religious system of China. Its origins go back to the Analects, the sayings attributed to Confucius, and to ancient writings, including that of Mencius. Confucius was born a mandarin under the name Kongzi. It was developed around 550 B.C. In its earliest form Confucianism was primarily a system of ethical concepts for the control of society. It saw man as a social creature that is bound to his fellow men by jen, or “humanity.” Jen is expressed through the five relationships—sovereign and subject, parent and child, elder and younger brother, husband and wife, and friend and friend. Of these, the filial relation is most important.
Confucius was born in 551 BC, in what was then the fudal state of Lu, now included in the modern providence of Shang-tsung. His parents were not wealthy but still belonged to the “superior” class because his father was a warrior. Confucius was still a boy when his father died. From childhood the showed a great aptitude for study. In order to support himself and his mother, he had to labor in his early years as a hired servant for a noble family. His ability and faithful service earned him a promotion to the office of minister of justice. Under his administration the state attained to a degree of prosperity and moral order the people haven’t seen before. After he resigned he was accompanied by faithful disciples and went about from one state to another seeking a ruler who would agree to put his political doctrine into practice.
For those individuals that choose to look into the philosophy of Confucius, Confucianism recognizes that the quest for virtue is ordinary and providential. However, in this quest of moral aptness Confucius tried to offer other people the fervent self love that he had greatly embodied. To actually make oneself as perfect as possible was the central concern of life. Al...
...ut more importantly Mencius' core conception that human nature is also aware of its actions, and considers the well-being of others and that people are morally obligated to do so is also key to attaining our full potential. This conception of human nature and proper order together is what has shaped East Asian political and social thought for centuries. It is credited with creating an East Asia that is economically robust, and socially coherent and once again will be the center of human society in the decades to come. And contrary to popular Western belief, East Asian political thought does appreciate the necessity of the individual in defining society. In fact the only way to attain our human nature is to healthily self-cultivate ourselves morally and materially so we can reach our highest potential and in that way be a valued and contributing member to society.
Ancient Chinese Philosophers, translated by Mark Coyle, focusing on the influential ancient philosopher, Confucius, says a lot of what the Chinese people of the ancient world thought of humanity and human ethics. Confucius, after all, did influence the Chinese for generations. The nature of humans, in Confucius’ eyes, is that humans are constantly seeking to improve himself to be not only ethical, but also loyal to the Way of Dao. One had to be a gentleman, you had to have humanity, had to be loyal and respectful towards those who brought you into this world.