In the early 20th century Unionists, led by Sir Edward Carson, opposed the introduction of Home Rule in Ireland. Unionists were in a minority on the island of Ireland as a whole, but formed a majority in the northern province of Ulster (en.wikipedia.org/Northern_Ireland). Involved Groups and Peoples The two major groups involved are the Protestants and the Catholics. The Protestants have their roots back to the British who migrated to the region when King Henry VIII was in power. The Protestants are predominantly Unionists.
The following War of Independence between Britain and the IRA was eventually ended by a treaty signed in 1920. The treaty also confirmed the northern counties of Ulster as protestant land. Now, roughly speaking, the Catholics lived in the southern parts of the country and the Protestants in the northern. 1969 By the 1950s there were growing signs that some Catholics were prepared to accept equality within Northern Ireland. This, despite of the unfair treatment they had received from the Protestants during the last decades.
View One Many people believe that the conflict really began in the 1530s when Henry VIII broke away from the Roman Catholic Church and set up his own Protestant Church in England. Although Protestantism was now the major religion in England most of the Irish people remained Catholic, so Henry declared himself King of Ireland. He tried to anglicise the Irish so they would no longer appear against the English. This could be a major religious cause as it created the two separate groups of people in the first place - making it an important factor in bringing about the difficulties. Catholics could feel like they were alienated from the start - and the fact that King Henry just declared himself king of Ireland could strengthen some Nationalist argu... ... middle of paper ... ...appened, I think that if there wasn't a little bit of hatred between them in the first place these stories would not have come about.
After 1500 the English took control for the first time by way of force due to the Irish being loyal to Catholicism and the English were strong protestants. The soldiers drove farmers off their land. The protestants were strongest in Northern Ireland, Ulster. The Irish made a rebellion but this was crushed at the battle of Boyne, many laws were passed to keep the Catholics quiet. Even up to 1914 the Irish were unwilling to accept English domination.
After Cromwell’s death the troubles in Ireland continued when a new King James II was appointed. James II was a Catholic and wanted to ... ... middle of paper ... ... the violence. However, in my opinion the main factor which lead to the British army being sent to Northern Ireland in 1969 were the government policies such as gerrymandering which caused the Catholic community to be given poor housing and jobs, which in turn caused them to protest about the treatment they were receiving from local councils which would end up in violence which was mostly started by the Protestants and then this violence would be dealt with by a biased police force who could not keep the peace and would just end up contributing to the violence by taking the side of the Protestants. So in conclusion it is my opinion that the government policies in Northern Ireland after 1922 and the partition of Ireland is a long-term problem that resulted in the deployment of troops by the British government in 1969.
In Ireland, which in 1914 was deeply divided between those loyal to Britain and the rebels, more local considerations may have played an important part for many individuals. In Ireland they were certain key figures that helped ignite the rebellion in the home front. One of the major figures was a man named Sinn Fein who encouraged the Irish people to refuse t... ... middle of paper ... ... IRA) fought the Protestants organizations. Since 1969 England has sent several army divisions to stop the fighting, and more than 20,000 people have been killed or injured (Pomeray). In November 1985, hoped for peace were raised when the Irish government introduced the Anglo-Irish agreement.
Ireland had forgotten about its aspirations for Home Rule and was now looking for a more drastic form of Independence. The war had its origins in the formation of unilaterally created independent Irish parliament, called Dáil Éireann, formed by the majority of MPs elected in Irish constituencies in the Irish (UK) general election, 1918. This parliament, known as the First Dáil, and its ministry, called the Aireacht declared Irish independence. The Dáil knew that ‘England’s difficulty (was) Ireland’s opportunity’ and ceized the day. After the failed rebelion of 1916 public sympathies slowly but surely swung to the millitant IRA (and Sinn Fein).
The Nationalists who are prepared to use violence are known as Revolutionary Nationalist. They were developed at the end of the 18th century. The United Irishmen was the first Revolutionary organization founded in 1790; the protestant founder of the organization is still looked upon as a hero by the modern Republicans. Several failed armed rebellions that took place between 1798 and 1867. These rebellions had little support for the ordinary Irish people and it had a bad effect on the Irish parliament whom had to sit later in the Bri... ... middle of paper ... ...of the biggest factors which separate the two communities.
It was a threat because of military structure as it was a catholic country other catholic country would stop of there and re-gather then move onto England to try to take over it. The country came to a very bloody weekend during Oliver Cromwell's time as he was a puritan and hated all Catholics so when he went over killed many people at it's worst in Drogheda. Were there was a mighty rebellion, which Oliver reacted in a very harsh and bloody way killing everyone. Before the British settled the country was one country all owned by Ireland with 26 counties, but when they came most went to Ulster the top half and made it British land. This split the country into two, which as you can imagine the Irish, didn't like and they have tried to rebel ever since.
Conflict in Ireland Text Box: Ireland is to the west of Britain and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, Irish Sea and the Celtic Sea. Today Ireland is divided into two parts, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. In 1921 the partition treaty was signed and was originally supposed to be temporary, it was an attempt to bring peace to Ireland. Currently there are mainly Unionists (Protestants) living in Northern Ireland and in the Republic of Ireland there are mainly Nationalists (Catholics) living in Northern Ireland. The unionists want to be governed by England's parliament however; the Nationalists in Northern Ireland do not.