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Conflict in Northern Ireland

Good Essays
Conflict in Northern Ireland

For centuries there has been conflict in Northern Ireland. The

disagreement

between Irish Catholics and the Irish Protestants still continues to

this

day. In this assessment I am going to examine why soldiers were sent

into

Ireland in 1969.

Between 1921 and the mid 1960s Catholics in Northern Ireland faced

many

problems. After the War Of Independence, in 1919, the country of

Ireland was

divided into two parts; The North, here there was a large Protestant

Majority, each of the six Ulster counties had their own parliament and

their

own government. The South, largely occupied by Irish Catholics, most

opposed

the idea of dividing Ireland. But in 1921 a group of Sinn Fein, and

IRA

members signed an treaty with the British, accepting the division of

Ireland. This was when what's known as 'Northern Ireland' was created,

dominated by Protestants. However, Catholics had wanted a united and

Independent Ireland, so resentment grew. "After partition, it was

hardline

Unionists who held power in the North, they were determined to keep

Ulster

British and Protestant. They tended to see all Northern Catholics as

possible traitors. As a result Catholics were discriminated against"

(1)

In the 1930s there was a worldwide economic depression, due to the

'Wall

Street Crash' in America. Both Irish Catholics and Protestants were

affected

very seriously, the economic depression lasted 20 years.

Irish Catholics faced another problem, when it came round to election

time,

most Catholics would probably vote a Catholic representative to speak

on

behalf of the Catholic people, ho...

... middle of paper ...

...ise

that

this cannot be the reason as to why troops were sent to Northern

Ireland. In

1962 the IRA abandoned it's campaign of violence because of lack of

Catholic

support. In August 1969, there is more fighting between Protestants

and

Catholics in Belfast, and the British Army moves in. It is only then

that

the IRA splits into two groups: Official and Provisional. The Bombing

campaign by the IRA started in 1970.

A more telling fact as to why British troops were sent in to Northern

Ireland in 1969 may be due to the fact that the Irish Prime Minister,

Jack

Lynch was threatening to intervene with the troubles in Northern

Ireland,

and went as far as moving Irish army units towards the border. The

British

government may have felt that matters were gradually being taken out

of

their hands.
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