The concussion rates among high school, collegiate, and professional athletes is increasing at an alarming rate. The United States alone reports 1.6 to 3.8 million cases of sport-related concussions per year2-4, 9, 12. The 1.6 to 3.8 million does not account for the large number of concussions that remain unreported by athletes2-4, 9, 12. According to McCrory et al., a concussion is defined as a complex pathophysiological process that disturbs the brain, which is prompted by traumatic biomechanical forces 10. Sports- related concussions are one of the most complex injuries, which makes them difficult to assess.
Anxiety and Athletic Performance Introduction Athletes today need to be able to cope with the anxiety and pressure that is placed on them in the competitive world of sports. A large deal of research has been done on examining the relationship between anxiety and performance within the field of athletics. This paper is going to show that the mind in an athlete has a lot to do with the result of the particular event. In order to show that anxiety in athletes is a significant problem this paper is going to be set up in three different areas in order to explain exactly how anxiety affects the athlete. The first section of the paper is going to explain the history and terminology on the study of anxiety in athletes.
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5. Robert S. Katz, M.D. : Associate Professor, Rush Medical College Presbyterian St. Lukes Medical Center: Chicago, Illinois http://www.hamline.edu/lupus/articles/Steroids_in_the_Treatment_of_Lupus.html 6. Yesalis CE, Wright JE, Bahrke MS. Epidemiological and policy issues in the measurement of the long-term health effects of anabolic-androgenic steroids. Sports Medicine 1989 Sep; 8(3): 129-38.
Sport-related concussions are evolving as a major public health concern. Ongoing research suggests these injuries have a much more serious and prolonged impact on overall health than previously believed. According the Centers for Disease Control, a concussion can be defined as “a type of traumatic brain injury, or TBI, caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head” (CDC, 2013). Crushing and violent hits are seen as part of the game in many sports, and are often glorified by the media in the professional realm. However, many overlook the fact that the vast majority of individuals who play contact sports in this country are under the age of 19 (Buzzini & Guskiewicz, 2006).
The NFL is a multi-billion dollar company that has neglected to compensate its past and current employees that have acquired long-term brain damage while performing their jobs. Their incompetence has caused severe brain damage and even death to former employees because of their irresponsible ways over the past forty years. The science and study of this problem has produced a great amount of information that both sides could benefit from but the NFL needs to take action and responsibility. The NFL has produced a product that has caused long-term brain damage and needs to be liable for the compensation due to its victims. In a recent article titled “A Brain Gone Bad” finding by Dr. Bennet Omalu and Dr. Robert Cantu, case studies of the effect of concussions in ex-NFL players’ brains “presented clinical symptoms of sharply deteriorated cognitive function and psychiatric symptoms such as paranoia, panic attacks, and major depression.” These case studies took place from 2005-2007 and found that NFL concussions were the underlying cause of CTE (chronic traumatic encephalopathy) which can cause dementia and Parkinsonism but the NFL committee tried to sweep this information “under the rug” by writing a letter to the head editor of the article asking for the letter to be retracted.
Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/212535051?accountid=8289 Goldberg, J., Chan, K., Best, J., Bruce, W., Walsh, W., & Parry, W. (2003). Surgical management of large rotator cuff tears combined with instability in elite rugby football players. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 37(2), 179-81; discussion 181. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/194462799?accountid=8289 Habermeyer, P., Magosch, P., & Lichtenberg, S. (2006). Classifications and scores of the shoulder.