Concept Analysis: Breastfeeding

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Concept analysis is the breakdown of a problem into pieces to figure out ways to form a conclusion on how to correct, or improve, the problem. This response reviews a concept analysis that looked at problems with successful breastfeeding. In the Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing (JOGNN), Mulder (2006) identifies the four key elements of effective breastfeeding: “positioning, latch, sucking, and milk transfer” (p. 334) using the concept analysis by Walker and Avant. The method of analysis, steps of process, and results are applied to successful breastfeeding. Method The eight steps in concept analysis, according to Walker & Avant (2005), are: 1. Select a concept. 2. Determine the aims or purposes of analysis. 3. Identify the uses of the concept possible. 4. Determine the defining attributes. 5. Identify model case. 6. Identify borderline, related, contrary, invented, and illegitimate cases. 7. Identify antecedents and consequences. 8. Define empirical referents (p. 65). Mulder (2006) performed literature reviews to develop the defining attributes, model cases, antecedents and consequences, and empirical referents for effective breastfeeding. The eight steps for the concept analysis were fulfilled in the steps of the process. Steps of Process The literature reviews were collected from several accredited sources. “The CINAHL and Medline databases were searched for English articles using the keywords breastfeeding and effective, adequate, or successful” (Mulder, 2006, p. 333). The essential attributes were extracted, and defined, from the various literature reviews. Then the attributes were placed into three model cases. The cases consisted of a supporting, borderline, and a contrary case. The model cases po... ... middle of paper ... ...helped her baby at the same time. The positive results are twofold: happy baby, happy mother. Also, the affirmed need for further research brings forth ideas of how to accomplish that need. I could put a plan into action and achieve that goal in my practice setting. Integrating research into the practice of nursing is rewarding and helps to contribute to the advancement of education. Works Cited McEwen, M., & Wills, E. M. (2011). Theoretical basis for nursing (3rd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer Health  Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Mulder, P. J. (2006,). A concept analysis of effective breastfeeding. JOGNN: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 35, 332-339. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1552-6909.2006.00050.x Walker, L.O., & Avant, K.C. (2005). Strategies for theory construction in nursing. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall.
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