Many times a faster processor or more RAM can simply be installed; bringing new life to a computer. However, systems or purchase from stores or large box retailers such as Dell and HP, are generally much more hassle to upgrade as they
Whether we experience this as chaos or social transformation will be influenced by what we do immediately. What is theY2K (Year 2000) problem? When computer systems were built in the 1960’s and 1970’s computer hardware was too expensive. To reduce costs, programmers looked for ways to reduce data storage requirements. It was common for year to be stored in databases in two digit fields rather than four digits.
The boom of Computer Industry occurred during the 20th century. In these last years of the 20th century the demand for technology was so high that it was hard to keep up with. The industry was still young but the rate growth was surprising. However, it was on the 19th century that the research for large-scale mechanical computation and the demand for information processing techniques and technology growth brought up the first ideas of computer. The first working computer was created in 1941 by a German named Konrad Zuse.
The abacus provided the fastest method of calculating until 1642, when the French scientist Pascal invented a calculator made of wheels and cogs. The concept of the modern computer was first outlined in 1833 by the British mathematician Charles Babbage. His design of an analytical engine contained all of the necessary components of a modern computer: input devices, a memory, a control unit, and output devices. Most of the actions of the analytical engine were to be done through the use of punched cards. Even though Babbage worked on the analytical engine for nearly 40 years, he never actually made a working machine.
Computers of the time consume great amounts of energy, and are very unreliable due the use of electronic parts that tend to fail all the time. Also the user needs to learn and understand the machine language in order to operate the computer. All of these factors waste invaluable time and money unnecessarily. Therefore one would conclude that the usage of computers would be problematic rather than beneficial to businesses. However we are now entering the 21st century, the era of modern civilization where technology plays a significant role in our daily lives.
Computers were used primarily for scientific and engineering calculations and were programmed mainly in FORTRAN and assembly language. As computers became more reliable they also became more business orientated, although they were still very large and expensive. Because of the expenditure, the productiveness of the system had to be magnified as to ensure cost effectiveness. Job scheduling and the hiring of computer operators, ensured that the computer was used effectively and crucial time was not wasted. Loading the compliers was a time consuming process as each complier was k... ... middle of paper ... ...or personal computers.
The rate of innovation is becoming too fast that the human race could not predict where it is going in 20 years forward, approximately, 2020 up to 2040. However, since innovation now relies too heavily on complex systems and complicated computing, the rate seems to slow down because the human mind could not grasp its speed. These are only one of the many reasons to shift into using ICT. The invention of a computer aroused from the need to lessen human error. Thus, a need to manage technological innovation arises.
Every generation of computer experienced a major technological development that basically changed the way computers operate, thus resulting in increasingly smaller, cheaper, more powerful and more efficient and reliable devices .The history of computer development is always referred to in reference to the different generations of computing devices. The first generation (1940-1956) is the Vacuum Tubes. The first generation computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry and magnetic drums for their memory, and because of that they big and were often large, taking up entire rooms to build. They are so expensive to operate because they are very large and took a lot of maintenance and in addition they use a great deal of electricity and similarly to current computers problem they generated a lot of heat thus which was often are the root cause of malfunctions. The first generation computers relied on the machine language, the earliest and lowest-level of programming language understood by computer in order to perform operations, and they could only be solved for one problem at a time.
The History of Computers Thousands of years ago calculations were done using people’s fingers and pebbles that were found just lying around. Technology has transformed so much that today the most complicated computations are done within seconds. Human dependency on computers is increasing everyday. Just think how hard it would be to live a week without a computer. We owe the advancements of computers and other such electronic devices to the intelligence of men of the past.
Both of these men had enough time on their hands to individually build two of the first mechanical calculators in history. Unfortunately, Schickard calculator never even made it past the model stage and Pascal machine had several snags of its own; nevertheless, both of their discoveries helped lead to more advanced computing. The next so-called geek to make his way into the computing spotlight was Charles Babbage. In 1842, he developed ideas for a computer that could find the solution to a math problem. His system was rudimentary, using punch-cards in the computation; however, his ideas were far from basic.