During the 15 years he builds a home and tries to survive as best as he can. He keeps track of the days by writing in his journal. He also wonders why he was chosen by god to be the only survivor of the wreck and why he was put on this island alone. He soon finds other humans but with more bad luck he also finds out they are cannibals. He rescues some savages who were held captive by the cannibals and makes plans to leave the island by means of a man made boat.
In the 17th century, the Catholic reform was sweeping through many parts of Europe. The period from 1600 to about 1750 is known as the Baroque Era. Throughout this period the Catholic Church was fighting back against the effects of the Renaissance. The people of the Renaissance society started to question their beliefs in the church and tried to rationally explain the world around them. Several crusades were fought throughout this period and in the end England and France became “Christianized.” Robinson Crusoe was published during the Baroque Era and it contained a great amount of Catholicism.
Iconnoclasm and Iconophilia in Othello In his book War Against the Idols, Carlos Eire argues that iconoclastic resistance to the Medieval Catholic Church began with the gentle scolding of Erasmus and ended as the "shibboleth" of radical Calvinism.1 The use of images in religious instruction and practice was one of the major points of dispute between Protestant reformers and Catholic counter-reformers. Iconoclasm was certainly not confined to radical Calvinism; Anglican reformers, especially those who had spent time in continental Europe as exiles (like John Jewel, Bishop of Salisbury), quickly raised the issue in their country, which had its own unique history of religious reform. The discussions of image and idolatry in Calvin and Jewel represent particular theories of the image that derive from but also revise ancient Platonic theories of the image. Reformation iconoclasm brings up issues of ontology (who or what is God? ), epistemology (by what means are we to know him?
The Elizabethan Era is often referred to as the Golden Age of England (A Changing View...). The Elizabethan Era, named after Queen Elizabeth I, was a time of change and discovery (Elizabethan Superstitions). Elizabeth ruled in a time of religious turmoil; both the Catholics and Protestants fought to be the official religion of England. (Elizabethan World View). Many people throughout England struggled to find the “correct” religion (Elizabethan World View).
The Church of England had formed in an attempt to improve upon the way of life offered by the Catholic Church. In reality it was no better and “By law everybody was supposed to belong to the Church of England” (Lambert 1). When Charles I took the throne, everything became increasingly worse. Not only were people facing persecution from their peers in matters of religion, but the government was also oppressing these people. A specific example of this were the English Civil Wars.
It was around the time of 1184 that the Medieval Inquisition was brought upon Europe(Catholic Culture). The official reason for the Inquisition was “to offer guidance to the lost sheep” (qtd. in Catholic Culture). The Church taught that the Christian-Catholic teachings were essential in order to go to Heaven (Spanish Inquisition). However the Medieval Inquisition was mainly to challenge the secular authorities which were viewed as heretics (Catholic Culture).
Anne Finch's Opposition to The Rape of the Lock The Restoration Period (1660-1700) was a period of social, political and philosophical turmoil, which laid the foundation for future centuries. This period was marked by an advance in colonization and trade and by the birth of the Whig and Tory parties. In poetry, works of Alexander Pope and Anne Finch and a number of other poets distinguishes the Restoration. But, there are several objections from these poets; one particular opposition occurs between Pope’s The Rape of the Lock and Anne Finch. Pope was born into a Catholic family during a period of intense anti-Catholic sentiment in England.
Takin' It To The Streets: A Sixties Reader, pp.468-473. ed. Alexander Bloom and Wini Breines. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
Bernard Malamud and the Critics. New York: New York University Press, 1971. Howard, Leon. Literature and the American Tradition. Garden City: Doubleday, 1960.
The reformation forced the church to respond or disintegrate into oblivion in the wake of the reformation. The Catholic Church's response to the reformation was the Council of Trent. The Council of Trent set a clear dividing line between the two factions of Christianity by clearly defining the Catholic Doctrines. Protestantism varied greatly from Catholicism with regards to its doctrines, the way Protestantism spread, and the way that... ... middle of paper ... ...ambitions. The people that Catholicism were the majority of the Catholic clergy, (for obvious reasons), traditionalist, and superstitious people.