Based on developing client independence this approach attempts to remove therapists’ interpretation of behaviours associated with psychodynamic therapies (Burnard 2005), thus promoting growth and personal goal development. When used in therapeutic contexts metaphors can be both a powerful and sensitive form of language designed to bring about perceptual and/or behavioural change (Hutchings 1998). However, as a verbal component of the Person-Centred approach metaphors can enhance or inhibit a client’s progress. Through use of these verbal illustrations truths can be explored and understood by clients without the ‘glare’ of realism, removing stigmatisation and allowing clients to become more acute to their own perceptions (Hutchings 1998). It is at this time, where clients feel therapists are non-judgmental, goals and responsibilities are most likely to be instigated (Mallinson et al 1996).
Narrative therapy techniques require therapists to acknowledge implicit biases that could have an effect on the therapist and their client (McLeod, 1997; White & Epston, 1990) In other words, culture places different influences that are internalized by the individual; therefore, effects the way that clients perceive themselves within their story. Through exploring these cultural influences, like racism, sexism, ageism, etc., the therapist and client can develop ways to be resilient against these social forces (Semmler & Williams, 2000). To address problem narratives within a cultural context, narrative therapy deconstructs the dominant culture, externalizes the story, reauthors the story, and provides context for the new
I like that this approach focuses on challenging and changing the client’s cognitive distortions, core beliefs, automatic thoughts, and schemas. Another positive aspect is that this approach focuses on the cognitive triad, which consists of how one views the self, the world, and the future (Corey, 2009). Furthermore, CBT places responsibility on the individual to take an active role and make the changes to their thoughts and behaviors, both in and out of the therapy sessions (Corey, 2009). In order to bring about change, the client needs to understand that the primary source of difficulty lies in their belief system and how they perceive events (Kellogg & Young, 2008). CBT has manualized treatment techniques, is short-term, and teaches the client skills to change their thoughts or beliefs in the future (Kellogg &Young, 2008).
Although CBT is often referred to as a unitary treatment, it is actually a diverse collection of complex and subtle interventions that must each be mastered and understood from the social learning perspective (Reinecke, Dattilio, & Freeman, 2003). According to Graham (2005), CBT aims to change a patient’s unhealthy behaviour through examining assumptions behind the thought patterns (cognitive restruction) and also through using behaviour therapy techniques. In CBT, therapist and patient work with each other to identify the thoughts that may cause distress, and the therapist employs behavioural therapy techniques to modify the resulting behaviour. It aims to address patients’ certain fundamental core beliefs (schemas) that lead to negative influences on their behaviour and functioning (Rufer et al, 2000). CBT is the treatment option for some mental disorders, such as depression, dissociative identity disorder, eating disorders, generalized anxiety disorder, hypochondriasis, insomnia, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and panic disorder without agoraphobia (Clark, 1986).
The psychodynamic and humanistic schools of thought have significantly influenced contemporary therapeutic practice. This essay will explore the theoretical concepts and underlying assumptions of both these approaches discussing current evidence, practical application, particularly within a New Zealand, and reflections to myself. It will focus on contemporary psychodynamic therapy and Carl Rogers contributions, namely person-centered therapy (PCT). Fundamental characteristics of psychodynamic and humanistic approaches with links to self Psychotherapy aims to change behaviour through verbal means by providing support, understanding, and teaching new behaviours (Ursano, Sonnenberg, & Lazar, 2004). Two distinctive ways of working in therapy include the psychodynamic and humanistic approaches.
The procedure of Psychological assessment encompasses psychological testing. Instead of relying on the results of one particular test, it incorporates data collected from other sources like interviews, present complaints, information from significant others, behavioural observations, and historical data. The psychological testing is mere administration, scoring, and interpretation of a particular test score (usually numeric) that gives us an idea of an attribute or characteristic; whereas psychological assessment is a logical problem-solving process, that can be therapeutic for the client and help them realize their potentials and achieve their goals (Cohen & Swerdlik, 2009; Hood & Johnson, 2007). The process of psychological assessment is more individualized, however psychological test involves an individual or a group administration (Cohen & Swerdlik, 2009). The process of psychological assessment is a complex procedure as compare to psychological testing (Weiner, 2003) that according to M... ... middle of paper ... ...rk, NY: Springer.
Davies’s use of Jungian therapy in The Manticore shows that, in contrast to Freud’s psychoanalysis, the therapist’s input is necessary to guiding the client to this balance. For clients such as Davey, the story’s main character, it can be difficult to come up with reasons for life issues, and/or how an experience or person in their pasts can cause problems within the clients’ psyche in the future. Having a knowledgeable expert who provides both guidance and advice alone can lessen clients’ anxiety over being in therapy. Freud’s free association therapy, also known as psychoanalysis, is much less individual-targeted than Jung’s is. Instead of having a guided experience with the analyst li... ... middle of paper ... ...ance.
As it is in any field of study, it is important to the psychology community to consider different viewpoints and learn from different perspectives. By considering the metaphysical skepticism argument we gain a greater understanding of dualism. Similarly, by considering the moral skepticism argument against mental disorders, at the end of the day, we are reminded that a patient is a person rather than a list of symptoms. It is important to understand the reasoning behind these different concepts as, as Graham points out, they teach us valuable lessons. As I have proven, these arguments do not disprove or damage the dualist model of mental functioning and disorder, but understanding where these philosophies fall short strengthens ones understanding of mental disorder and the realist viewpoint.
My Philosophical Approach to Counseling Definition of Existential Therapy One survey taken by Corey suggests a definition of Existential Therapy include two key elements: Existential Therapy is essentially an approach to counseling and therapy rather than a firm theoretical model, it stresses core human conditions. Normally, personality development is based on the uniqueness of each individual. Sense of self develops from infancy. Self determination and a tendency toward growth are control ideas. Focus is on the present and on what one is becoming; that is the approach has a future orientation.
Introduction Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) emphasizes the importance of thoughts on producing behaviors. The fundamental principle of CBT is for counselors to assist clients in changing their negative thought patterns and recreate these into positive self-enhancing thoughts. The therapeutic relationship is grounded on collaboration between the counselor and the client. The counselor plays an active role but relies on the client to make changes. Together, the counselor and client will develop realistic goals that are achievable within an appropriate amount of time (Corey, 2017).