Ibo have curved wood which they use as a symbol to represent their gods (Achebe 72). This is because of the fact that they believe in physical god. They also worship the Oracle Hills and Caves as sacred places where their goods lived. The community allowed the practice of polygamy. In this case, men can marry as many wives as they can maintain.
Even when some people preached poverty and abstinence from anything secular, the religious artworks were considered part of religion itself. As time went on, the illustrations took on yet another purpose. Each city-state starting using art to depict and immortalize their victories and their rulers. People now commissioned artists to paint their portraits, design their tabletops, candleholders, fans or walls in their studies. A lot of themes varied from religion and if someone w... ... middle of paper ... ...emy’s side but also from their own.
Ancient Mesopotamia Mesopotamia, the land between the Tigris and Euphrates was home to the ancient civilizations of Sumer, Babylon, and Akkad. The Mesopotamian people were predominantly of polytheistic faith; the social construct of gods allowed them to develop meaning and order in their lives. Every aspect of life was dominated by the belief that submitting to the worship of gods would shield them from divine wrath. Cities were endowed with patron gods that were guardians and the duty of the ruler was to act upon their behalf. Ziggurats were built to honor the holiness of the gods and to appease them in hopes of attaining their blessings.
(Chambers, 10) Hammurabi used religious beliefs to legitimize his law code as he declared it to have been given to him by the god Marduk. This idea of a law code was taken up by many other monarchs. While it is focused mostly on physical punishments as severe as death, it also allows for financial compensation. The code also reflects the social inequality that existed during the time between different ranks of social standings and different sexes. (Chambers,... ... middle of paper ... ...powerful god and chose to introduce monotheism to his society.
The main purpose of the great Aztec pyramids was, in fact, human sacrifices. They also believed that there were “lucky'; and “unlucky'; days for baptism and to declare war on, which were decided by a priest. Most art and architecture in the Aztec civilization was based on their religion. There are many brightly colored murals and paintings on walls and on bark which depict religious ceremonies, along with large idols of gods. One of the most amazing and famous of the...
Second, the Egyptians Faith was an important characteristic of their religion. First, they believed that the Pharaoh was a god, and what he spoke became law. The Egyptians worshipped almost every form of life, the worshipped trees, water, animals, and even vegetables. The Egyptians also believed that a person had 2 souls, the ba and the ka, which left the body at death and then returned later to the body. The Egyptians believed that mummification make sure the ba and the ka would find the body when they returned to the body to transport it to the underworld.
But they worshipped the sun god the most. Religious ceremonies took place in a temple called a teocalli. This temple had sacred pools for ceremonial cleansing, gardens, living quarters for a priest, and racks to hold the skulls of victims. Religion played a great part in Aztec life. Although religion was an important motivator in Aztec life, farming was the common activity.
In both Mesopotamian and Egyptian societies th... ... middle of paper ... ...ne family ruling for many years). The Egyptian and Mesopotamian religion and society were similar, but their government/leadership was different. Religion in Egypt and Mesopotamia were very similar because both faiths were polytheistic and had priestly authority. Both cultures had powerful priests, both had a belief of an afterlife, and religion was part of their daily lives. Both societies had similar rigid social classes, relied on slavery; both also had a religion which played an important role in their daily lives.
Many common forms of religion influenced art consist of sculpture, oil painting, fresco painting as well as poetry. It is almost impossible to study the Western culture without taking religious influences into account. In Ancient Egypt, Gods are always depicted in art. Egyptians worship Gods for several of reasons. In order to achieve longevity of life and prosperous crop, they created art as homage to their God.
During this era, ancient Mesopotamia was under the rule of theocratic monarchies. It was believed that the sole ruler was governing specifically for the gods and catering to their wishes. Mesopotamians were polytheistic, or worshippers of multiple gods, and extremely devout in their faith. They believed that the gods determined all situations and occurrences. As a ruler, King Hammurabi found Mesopotamia to be tremendously divided.