Figure 1: Gustave Eiffel Source: Eiffel’s Tower by Jill Jonnes (2010) Eiffel wanted to attend the École Polytechnique but his performance on the entrance exams did not qualify. He instead went to the École Centrale des Arts et Manufacutres in Paris. He chose to specialize in chemistry and graduated thirteenth in his class in 1855 (“Gustave Eiffel” Wikipedia, n.d.). After graduation, Eiffel found employment in railway engineering and at the age of twenty-six was given the responsibility of building the first iron railroad bridge across the Garonne River in Bordeaux (Jonnes, 2010). In the book Eiffel’s Tower: The Thrilling Story Behind Paris's Beloved Monument and the Extraordinary World's Fair That Introduced It by Jill Jonnes, she describes how Eiffel found his career: Gustave Eiffel has found his métier.
It stands 1,063 feet tall in Paris and took 2 years, 2 months, and 5 weeks to build which is an impressive time for such a tall building.The Eiffel Tower is a strong yet delicate building. It was made from puddle iron and many rivets. (rivets are kind of like big nails) It used to be the tallest structure in the world,but many buildings have past it's height since it was first built in 1887. The Eiffel Tower comes from four different feet that are held in the ground by many rivets. All of the feet meet up in the middle and go up for 984 feet until the top.
He graduated from the Escole Centrale des Arts et Manufactures in 1885, the same year that Paris hosted the first World’s Fair. He spent several years in the southwest of France, where he supervised work on the great railway bridge in Bordeaux. In 1864 he set up his own business, specializing in metal structural work. Eiffel built hundreds of metal structures around the world. Bridges, and in particular railway bridges, were his favorite fields of work.
A huge cast-iron dome rests on the central section of the building. (World, 196) President Washington was very pleased with Dr. Thorton's plans and he was awarded first prize. Now it was time for Washington to lay the cornerstone on September 18, 1793. (National Park) Construction was a very labor intensive and time-consuming process. The sandstone... ... middle of paper ... ...at about 10 million people come to visit this monument every year.
The building is 30 stories tall, the interior could accommodate up to 1,000 offices, and its engineer was Nathaniel Roberts. The Park Row Building still stands today facing City Hall Park in lower Manhattan. Singer Building – 1908 The Singer building was construced in 1906 and opened in 1908. The first design by architect Ernest Flagg was a thirty-five story tower, but the company soon decided to nearly double that height with a tower of almost 600 feet.
The Eiffel Tower is located in Paris, France, buildt in 1889 and it is 1063 feet tall. The reason of the name of the Eiffel Tower is because it was named after Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, who was a famous civil engineer and architect. The tower was built for the International Exhibition of Paris in memory of the centenary of the French Revolution. It means too much for the french people, it is a sign of freedom and justice, and it has a huge political meaning. Also during world war 1, The Eiffel Tower was used for communicating, it used as a wireless telegraph transmitter, so french military used the tower to talk wirelessly with ships in the Atlantic Ocean and block enemy messages.
Built in 1889 to commemorate the hundred year anniversary of the French Revolution, the Eiffel Tower has been a topic of discussion for numerous years. Designed by Gustave Eiffel and Morris Koechlin, the Tower was built originally as a temporary structure. The pieces of this eye-catching building were to be disassembled and melted down after twenty years. This did not happen, however. The Eiffel Tower has become a colossal icon throughout the world; the Tower has brought in enormous revenue and has a scientific impact on French and all of Europe’s society.
They built canals for various reasons: to have drinkable water, to water farms, and to dispose wastes. However, their greatest innovation came around in 525 BC. Now I ask you a question, where and when the Suez Canal was constructed? The Suez Canal lies between Middle East and Egypt and it was completed in 1869. But when European engineers were in the middle of constructing the canal they found a statue with some writing on it which said, “I, Darius the Great, King of Persia, King of Kings, King of the World, commanded my men to build a canal so that the East and West can easily trade with each other.” They constructed the canal around 525 BC but years later when the Persian Empire was gone, the climate changed therefore the canal was destroyed.
1428 was when the town put up a ancient Roman Pillar in the market place and that they asked him to make a statue because they believed he was the best sculptor(Morley 13,18). One of the monuments he created was Padua and he created that between 1443 and 1453. A well know sculptor of his was the statue Zuccone which people say showed the effective use of realism(Ward par 2,3,4). Donatello created many bronze sculptures. A huge achievement was his gilt bronze Herod’s feast.
Each year the high heats cause the structure to grow six inches, but then retracts back after the summer time. So, that is why the idea of thermal rivets were used in assembly because the rivets allow the structure to keep its shape. Over 2.5 million rivets were used (“Building Eiffel Tower”). This construction cost France over 7.31 million francs. The tower was many different colors until they officially settled for bronze.