Now, able to express their grievances and frustrations, the Colonies were able to essentially “stick it to the man” against Britain. Thomas Jefferson writes how Great Britain’s king had “impos[ed] taxes on [them] without [their] consent,” and “depriv[ed] [them] of the benefits of trial by jury.“ He goes on to say that the king had abolish[ed] [their] most valuable laws; and alter[ed] fundamentally the forms of [their] governments.” (Baym 342) This list of complaints goes on and on. The king took away all of their fundamental rights, and the colonists were fed up. Thomas Jefferson says that he didn’t just take away their rights, but he took away their basic human rights, and “waged cruel war against human nature itself, violating its most sacred rights of life and liberty in the persons of a distant people who never offended him.” (Baym 343) These are very strong words from Thomas Jefferson, but they reflect the way these colonists felt. They were angry, and they had every right to
The Declaration of Independence is focused for the most part toward King George III and the British Parliament. Jefferson wanted them to understand the reasoning behind the American's decision of independence. From paragraphs 6-32 he lists all the acts of tyranny that King George III forced upon the Americans. The list is longer than all the other parts of the document put together. It demonstrates how much emphasis Jefferson placed on providing reasons. But, this list is not only directed at Jefferson, it is a reminder to all Americans and the whole world of what disturbing times have been overcome in the past.
Patriots such as Patrick Henry said “Give me liberty, or give death.” He tried to convince his audience at the Virginia assembly that they can fight the British but it means a call to action and hoping for a nonviolent answer means further subjugation by the British. He believes that together they are powerful. John Locks Second Treatise was further inspiration to what would be the Declaration of Independence and sovereignty from the British. John Locke points out how we are born equal, and as a people we are not to harm other but have the right to protect ourselves. He argues that the government does not have the right to take property without the consent of the body politick. The stamp act was in contradiction to what the people wanted, and it impeded on their rights as a human such as their basic liberties. There were a number of contributing factors such as Thomas Pains arguments that finally led to the Declaration of Independence. Life, liberty and property was revised to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness by Thomas Jefferson. “By linking these doctrines of individual liberty, popular sovereignty, and republican government with American independence, Jefferson established them as the defining political values of the new nation.” (Henretta). Although a newly formed nation, America still had to face the British
The Glorious revolution was a changing point in the course of history. It was the first revolution of its kind which led to many more like the American revolution. There were many similarities between the Glorious and American revolution, John Locke played a key role in both revolutions, and Locke’s ideas were mirrored in the Declaration of Independence.
A revolution, by definition, is the overthrow of one government followed by replacement with another. The American Revolution against the British during 1775 to 1783 and the French Revolution pitting the French people against their own government during 1789 to 1799 were both very important political and social turnovers. This movement towards the establishment of a constitutional government influenced political thought throughout the world. By closely examining three of the main causes of these revolutions, it is clear that although the two revolutions have their differences, the basis of cause for the revolutions have, overall, much stronger similarities.
Locke talked about how people have the right to overthrow and unjust government and Jefferson also had this concept in the writing of the Declaration. The Declaration was created to explain why the colonies wanted independence from the British. The similarity between both the arguments is that Jefferson wanted to separate from a government that treated the people poorly “to dissolve the political bands” (Constitution) and Locke had the same idea that people need to get rid of the corrupt government. In the second part of the Declaration, Locke’s influence can be further seen when Jefferson states that “all men are created equal.” There is also another similarity between both the documents as Jefferson explains in the Declaration that all men have the rights to “Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” Locke also emphasized this point except Locke believed that all men have the rights to life, liberty and property. Locke wrote earlier that revolutions are rare because most times the people do not feel that the government is abusing the power too much. However, in this case Jefferson explained that the rule of the British had a “history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States” (Constitution). In Locke’s writing he also explained that tyrants only care about their own needs and do not provide for the society. Therefore, Jefferson and the Americans had the right to overthrow the government because the government did not provide for the governed. Jefferson wrote a list of charges against the British rule to influence Americans into revolting. One of charges that Jefferson makes is that the King “has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good” (Constitution). This is important because Locke stated in his article explained
More than 500 years later, American colonists spoke boldly against an unjust king and against Parliament, King George III, while the Britain's ruling society ignored their petitions. The colonist told the world why they were rebelling against the monarch in the Declaration of Independence.
A revolution is to overthrow a government and replace with another. That is what both colonial America, and France did. The American Revolution started in the year of 1775, and was set out to break away from Britain. Most of the colonist wanted to break away from British rule because of taxes, trade regulations, and power. The French revolution began in the year 1789. The French nobles, Bourgeoisie, and peasants wanted to break away because the people wanted more power, to overthrow the monarchy, or to change the tax system. The American and French Revolution both have similarities and differences. The similarities and differences come in economy, leaders, ideology, and provocation.
The Age of Enlightenment served as the concrete base for America. It also served the same purpose in France. The desire for a “utopia” was what each nation wanted, as any country would. The Enlightenment promoted the individual or the idea of humanism. Humanism, which spread across Europe after the creation of the printing press, was a philosophy that no longer focused on theism but human needs. Man was no longer depending on the church for thoughts to make decisions. The idea of fearing their God and church was no longer seen as necessary. People were trying to come up with solutions through their own rational thought uninfluenced by anyone else, but themselves. Both France and the American colonies were becoming secular, though France probably more so. Religious tolerance was a major issue for both countries. Many of the colonists who had fled to America did so because they were being persecuted. The Pilgrims, who settled the Plymouth colony, came to what is now known as the United States because they wanted to escape religious intolerance. The Huguenots, who were French Protestants, fled to the colonies as well since they were suffering at the hands of the Catholic Church. So both nations had issues with religion. The French were more impacted by the power of the Church and property rights, which is why there was a lot of issues with the Catholic Church. They didn’t appreciate how the Catholic Church did not have to pay taxes. With the French Revolution in France, power went to the state. It was no longer the Catholic Church who was in power like it was during the ancient regime. The separation of church and state was to be adapted by both nations and they each wanted a democratic republic form of government.
Many colonists opposed secession from Britain even after the signing of the Declaration of Independence but the American Revolution and the events that led up to the secession represented a radical alteration in American political ideas and institutions. After the declaration of Independence, twenty percent of residents opposed the secession but the percent of opposition was much higher prior to the American Revolution. The key idea that the colonies could support themselves without the constant guidance of the mother country began to arise and become a belief in many colonists. Colonists wanted to be able to have representation and not a supreme ruler like the king or parliament. The colonies wanted to be able to make laws, tax, and avoid the legislation and control from the British. The American Revolution represented the radical