By studying and evaluating Maslow’s theories, it becomes simpler to understand and recognize his influence and contribution to psychology. One of Maslow’s greatest and most recognized theories is his hierarchy of needs theory. He proposed that in order for someone to reach self-actualization they had to climb and achieve each level of needs in his proposed hierarchy. The first level of this hierarchy states that every human being must satisfy their physiological needs. These needs include the basic necessities needed to survive such as breathing, eating, sleeping, and so forth.
On the other hand, one can argue that because Jem is older and knowing that he used to be a handful for Atticus, he had been taught this lesson before Scout. This would explain why he is ahead in his knowledge of empathy: he had this experience without Scout. Jem also disagrees with Scout when ... ... middle of paper ... ... age, so, even living in the same environment, Scout could not think of this herself. They may have grown up in the same environment, but Scout and Jem have parted ways drastically, philosophically speaking, on the subject of what is morally right. Throughout the novel, the reader can see that, while they grew up together, Jem and Scout have developed completely different morals.
Education has not been what can we do to keep the soil fertile or better facilitating the water that falls on land. I can see now why no rules have been written to this day and how our ignorance... ... middle of paper ... ...erlooked Even though I self interest for land ethics, I care about what we leave for future generations and if they will be able to enjoy the land like we do today, or will mankind waste Reading the “Land Ethics” really opened up my eyes and made me question my self interest and how i am like the majority, but through teaching and activities like the Land Ethics paper I hope more people will learn the effects our decisions and attitudes have on land. It really made me think about the farmers and how our way of life we seem to overlook what is really important to us and not just our instant gratification, our actions have a tremendous impact on something much bigger then we think. For us to give up the conquerer and become just a citizen of the community will take teaching and laws combined sometimes we have to be forced into a way of life for unseen conditions.
In the order of most important to least important, these basic needs include: physiological (survival) needs, safety needs, social needs, the need for esteem and the need for self-actualisation. Without the satisfaction of the first level needs, one cannot satisfy the second level needs. Image of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs Gerard Keegan Psychology. (2010). Hierarchy of needs.
Adler also theorized that humans must be understood as a holistic and integrated whole, unlike Freud, who took on a more reductionistic approach and believed that the individual was separated into parts (Engler, 2009). One fundamental difference between Freud and Adler is that Adler viewed the striving for superiority as far more important than sexuality as a motivating force in action (Engler, 2009). For Adler, the main purpose of the psyche is to strive for superiority and to attain mastery in what one hopes to achieve (Engler, 2009). Each individual s... ... middle of paper ... ...udging philosophical assumptions – that a philosophy is useful if it “fosters productive living and enhances our lives” (Engler, 2009) -- perhaps what truly matters is simply the usefulness of these personality theories and that these theories attempt to make sense of the world in one way or another, regardless of their theoretical orientations, strengths and limitations. Works Cited Engler, B.
Baumeister & J. Tierney. Essentially a self-help book, ‘Willpower’ provides explanations for why humans are doing the things that they do, and why people aren’t always as virtuous as they may be expected to be. Self-control affects many facets of a person’s life, and by looking at how it is presented in psychology, and in Baumeister and Tierney’s novel, Willpower: Rediscovering the Greatest Human Strength, one will see the correlations and differences between modern research and historical perspectives on the idea of self-control, and ultimately decide if the idea of self-control is an inherent trait or a learned condition. Self-control is a topic and concept argued frequently in the psychological world. Some believe that self-control is an innate feature of human kind, while others, like Baumeister, believe it is a characteristic that can be practiced and strengthened.
(apa.org) He saw that those who sought to change themselves or others must face realistic difficulties. But he also showed us that, while the dark and blind forces in human nature sometimes seem overwhelming, psychological understanding, by enlarging the realm of reason and responsi... ... middle of paper ... ...ture. But Both Freud and Wilson said a lot about the core of the personality, no matter in what instincts they explained it. It was their ultimate goal towards the concept of interpreting the human beings focusing towards the aspects and moralities of the core effecting the human nature. Their theories helped a lot for the human society in finding the relative core of the human nature.
There is much more to Maslow’s developmental approach that is outside the scope of this paper. But even a general understanding of the Hierarchy of Needs is important to the vocational rehabilitation counselor because its methodology offers an approach to motivate consumers who are reluctant to enter the workforce. The VRC is provided with a systematic method of determining a client’s unfulfilled needs in order to formulate interventions that will ultimately satisfy those needs. Entry and assimilation into the workforce is more likely to be successful and long-lasting if the consumer is motivated to achieve and master the five-stages of Maslow’s hierarchy. References Maslow, A. H. (1943).
It also focuses on learning in understanding how various behaviors occur. The Humanistic Perspective focuses on how people can come to achieve their fullest potential as individuals who make choices and who take control of responsibility for their mental, social, and personal experiences. It also emphasizes free will and individuals’ control of their own behavior (Davis And Palladino). The cognitive process which is defined as some composite cognitive activity; an operation that affects mental contents; the process of thinking; and the cognitive operation of remembering. The view of the cognitive process of The Behavioral Perspectives is due to private events not subject to scientific examination, best explained by examining the environment.
In this self-reflexive awareness the mind observes and investigates experience, and emotion itself. In short, it means being aware of both the mood and thoughts about the mood. Covey (1992:66) outlines self-awareness as the ability to think about the very thought process, which is a uniquely human ability. Covey stresses that humans are not their moods, they are not even their thoughts, and continue to say that self-awareness enables humans to stand apart and examine the way they see themselves. Wilks (1999: 13) describes self-knowledge as the understanding of how the individual functions emotionally.