The Cold War was an interesting time period for the world, seeing that it was after one of the biggest and most memorable wars ever. Yet, it was a different type of war. One that no one had ever seen before, it was a war without fighting (kind of). It was a war fought in between the USSR and the United States. Each side also included their allies: the US had NATO and the USSR had the Warsaw pact. The timeframe of this war was from 1947 to 1991. Despite the fact that this war is one of the longest in our history, I have chosen three main points that I think are vital for understanding the Cold War.
Throughout the Cold War, relations between the Soviet Union and the west alternated between times of tension and crises and peri...
Since the beginning of the Cold War in 1947, a long running economic, political, military, and social friction and hostility had been present between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Social Republics (Soviet Union or USSR). The start of the Cold War coincided with the end of World War II and the race for Berlin, Germany. Once Germany was defeated in the war, the United States and the Soviet Union began to jockey for who would be the world’s next dominant force. The most significant portion of the r...
The purpose of this paper is to explore the origins of the Cold War. To accomplish this exploration, the works of W.A. Williams, Robert Jervis, and Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. serves as the foundation. Before a closer examination of these works, a short explanation of the three common viewpoints regarding the study of the Cold War is warranted. These viewpoints are Attribution, Structural, and Misperception. With these viewpoints to guide the way, the above authors look at the origins of the Cold War. I will make my own points about the origins later.
The effect the Cold War had on the world is astounding. Good things came out of the Cold War, as well as bad things. Economic breakdowns, amazing technological advances (Such as during the Arms Race), political rewiring, proxy wars, millions of lives lost, and a higher interest in security than ever are just a few of the ways countries have been affected. The legacies of the Cold War continue to shape and influence our lives today, and it’s important to not only understand the significance of this war-that wasn’t really a war, hence “Cold War”- but to learn about what caused it, so that we can try our best not to repeat it again in the future. There isn’t a simple cause, or just one reason, because so many events piled up onto one another to cause the clash. Let’s take a step back, and look at the background events going on that ultimately led to a period that changed the world.
From 1947-1991, the Cold War was a time in which there was protracted military, political, and economic tensions between the United States and its allies in the Western Bloc/NATO, and the Soviet Union and its allies in the Warsaw Pact. Although no direct military conflict ever erupted between the two sides, proxy wars were fought. The doctrine of mutually assured destruction, the manufacturing of large nuclear arsenals, military buildups and deployment, spying, and competitions like the Space Race also characterized the Cold War. With the battle lines drawn, it was only a matter of time before something like the Cuban Missile Crisis occurred.
Relations between the Soviet Union and the United States were driven by a mix of fear and power, which lead to shifts between cooperation and super power rivalry over the years. The differences in the political systems of the two countries often prevented them from reaching a understanding on policy issues and even, as in the case of the Cuban missile crisis, brought them to the brink of war, which was stated in document two. I believe the drive of fear constantly lead on and on to bring upon a bigger problem which it did. Fear that other would over power others , fear that somebody country will get taken , all these threats that were thrown out in the open made it a battle field between the two and made them fight for what they believe was
There were many events that occurred during the Cold War along with increased tension between the United States and the Soviet Union that it seemed almost inevitable that these two nations would go to war with each other. Once enemies who fought against each other in World War II, the two remaining superpowers: the United States and the Soviet Union, were now forced to work together to decide post-war Europe’s fate at the Yalta Conference in 1945. The Cold War, which began after the end of World War II until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, was the long period of conflict between the West and the East. Tensions were already initiated at the Yalta Conference, where Soviet leader Joseph Stalin and United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt disputed over the issues of dividing up Germany, ...
The political ideologies of the USA and of the Soviet Union were of profound significance in the development of the Cold War. Problems between the two power nations arose when America refused to accept the Soviet Union in the international community. The relationship between the USA and the Soviet Union was filled with mutual distrust and hostility. Many historians believe the cold war was “inevitable” between a democratic, capitalist nation and a communist Union. Winston Churchill called the cold war “The balance of terror” (1). Cold war anxieties began to build up with America and the Soviet Union advancing in the arms race for world dominance and supremacy. America feared the spread of Communism
Throughout history the world has seen many idolizing leaders; who achieved massive accomplishments in their lifetime to make the world a better place. They might have not impacted us directly but they made changes in politics, attained freedom, and changed the lives of the people in their countries. The two independent peacemaking leaders I will discuss are Mahatma Ghandi and Nelson Mandela. Both were heroes, truly, and that’s the least I could say about these honourable men and the deeds they endeavoured. I will compare Ghandi and Nelson’s leadership qualities and characteristics and what caused them to become leaders? I will also address the similarities and differences in their backgrounds; and which leader had the utmost pragmatic approach in dealing with their country’s issues?
After World War II, America and the Soviet Union became two of the most powerful nations in the world. The two superpowers disagreed in their ways of government and economics. The United States was a capitalist country, and with the Soviet being a communist country they ran things almost in the complete opposite direction which lead to a conflict in their relationship. During the time the Soviet Union won control of Eastern Europe and the chaos of the Berlin Airlift the Cold War broke out.
Therefore, the Cold War was the result of the ideological, economic, and military contest that shaped American politics, economic life, cultural, and social developments in the 1940s throughout 1950s and the 1960s (Schultz, 2013, p. 429). Nevertheless, the atomic, power and the communism threats were the leading, basic mistrust in the Cold War. The Berlin Crisis was the
In conclusion, in between 1945 and 1949, the Cold War had significantly developed mainly because of the increasing hostilities between the East and West. By 1949, the arms race had begun and Stalin had created the Iron Curtain to divide Communist Eastern Europe and non-communist Western Europe. The three sectors of Germany had united and had gained a good reputation for helping the Berliners in the Berlin Blockade. The Marshall Plan lead to the forming of Cominform and this retaliation sets the pattern for the rest of the Cold War, because of the idea of ?one-upmanship?.