Comparing the Treatment of Prisoners of War in the Andersonville and the Rock Island Prison Camp during the Civil War

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A. Plan of investigation The ethics and rules of war have been a fiercely debated topic for centuries. One facet of war that is particularly divisive is the treatment of prisoners of war. This investigation compares the treatment of prisoners of war in the Andersonville and Rock Island prison camps during the American Civil War. Andersonville and Rock Island are widely regarded as the harshest prison camps of the Confederate and Union armies, respectively. The conditions of each camp will be examined and compared using factors such as nutrition, living arrangements, habits of camp leaders, and death rates. The main source used in this investigation is Life and Death in Civil War Prisons by J. Michael Martinez. Through interpretation and evaluation of several books, primary sources, and court cases, the treatment of Confederate prisoners and Union prisoners will be compared. B. Summary of evidence In order to understand the significance of the prison conditions and some of the reasons underlying why those conditions existed, it was necessary to become familiar with the events surrounding the creation and use of the prisons. Andersonville and Rock Island were prisons belonging to the armies of two opposing nations, the Confederate States of America and the United States of America. The CSA was composed of states that had recently seceded from the USA, which sparked the beginning of what is known as the United States Civil War. The war broke out for numerous reasons, including slavery, differing economic interests, and the recent election of Abraham Lincoln as president in 1860. Lincoln’s election was a particularly divisive issue, as he promised to contain slavery in the South and prevent its spread (Goodwin). This division is evi... ... middle of paper ... ...lection1860.html>. Gillispie, James Massie. Andersonvilles of the North: The Myths and Realities of Northern Treatment of Civil War Confederate Prisoners. Denton, TX: U of North Texas, 2008. Print. Goodwin, Doris Kearns. Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2005. Print. Martinez, J. Michael. Life and Death in Civil War Prisons: The Parallel Torments of Corporal John Wesley Minnich, C.S.A. and Sergeant Warren Lee Goss, U.S.A. Nashville, TN: Rutledge Hill, 2004. Print. Ransom, John. "Prisoner at Andersonville, 1864." DISCovering U.S. History. Detroit: Gale, 2003.Student Resources in Context. Web. 30 Apr. 2014. Speer, Lonnie R. Portals to Hell: Military Prisons of the Civil War. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole, 1997. Print. Woodworth, Steven E., and Kenneth J. Winkle. Atlas of the Civil War. New York: Oxford UP, 2004. Print.

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