Introduction Religion is often associated with belief in a supreme being, membership in a single organization, and an emphasis of belief over practice. However, Chinese religious traditions challenge this conception of religion. It is shown in this paper that the Chinese traditional religion challenges the existence of a supreme being as the center of religion. It also contests the concept of religion as a membership in a single religious organization that emphasizes religious beliefs more than religious practices. This paper reviews the existence of religion in China prior to their engagement with the West, and analyses what might be at stake in questioning the existence of religion in China preceding engagement with the West.
Christians believe that one must obey the commandments w/o fail to reach heaven, Buddhists believe that a person who leads a good life, will be reborn into a good life. Why do we do anything? For a reward? For recognition? Why do we not do bad things?
Comparing my worldview of Christianity to Phil Jackson’s nature of God, career, and family, we will determine whether the role model status is relevant to how I perceived a role model. Phil Jackson’s idea of the nature of God is contrasting, as he believes in Buddhism, which has Buddha, and Humanism, in which there is no God. Jackson considers himself as a Zen Christian. A Zen Christian is a religion that combines the emptiness mind of Buddhists and the compassion of a Christian, such like Christ. Buddhists believe in the nature of the Buddha and idolizing the enlightenment he brings to life.
The meaning of life is vital for the reason being it allows human beings to appreciate life, even during the hardships. Recognizing possibilities as to what makes human life worthwhile can help those appreciate the value of life even more (Matheson, Lecture 1). American philosopher and professor, Louis Paul Pojman, contemplates the reason to believing in transcendent meaning of life is religion. In Pojman’s essay, “Religion Gives Meaning to Life,” he presents eight premises of what theism would make true. Pojman’s deems religion provides life meaning; whereas a secular life is not significant to the way individuals view the world.
Contrary to common belief, religion is composed of both religious—divine reverence, and irreligious elements—politics and philosophy. Reciprocally outlining Chinese ideals, this complementary blend of religious and irreligious elements allude to harmony of opposites without conflict. However, widely interpretative, the Western term “religion” prevents clear distinction between religion and philosophy when applied to Ancient Chinese religion, Confucianism, and Daoism. Though each equitably dissimilar, each sector influenced the upbringing of the other politically, while continuing to uphold similar purposes of perceived harmony. Therefore, this paper’s analysis of Ancient China’s concept of Ganying, Confucius’ concept of Social Hierarchy, and Daoist practice of internal and external alchemy reveals a progressive religious influence on State, and simultaneously deems philosophy as only an appurtenant to religion.
The significance of Western Christianity can’t be neglected, but as the author claims, Western christianity is based on their own religious and cultural context, and as gradual increase of number of Asian christian, it is become more significant to establish the christianity based on oriental ideas. The importance of trilogue among western, eastern, and science is inevitable phenomenon, and the task should be diffrent from the past debates between western religion and science. In Korea, more than half of christians are practicing Confucians, and people argues about that it creates a conflict of one’s religious belief. However, I think having two religion is not a problematic issue, it is possible to be both Christian and Confucian at the sametime without compromising the faith. By being both, people can be a better Christian and a better Confucian at the same time because being christian is related to faith and being confucian is related to ethics of life.
Taoism and Confucianism are two major Chinese philosophies. I say that they are philosophies because religions tend to worship deities and Taoism and Confucianism don’t seems to worshiping anything. To some they appear to be different, even clashing but to me, they seem very much alike but they come at it from different points of view. Both philosophies strive to reach harmony but in to very different ways. I do believe the reason they can co-exist is because they see Tao from two different ways.
The pro of practicing Mahayana Buddhism is that the Dharma is left to the interpretation of the person. How the person defines or relates to what they read is solely on them. Unlike Christianity where the pastor explains the text according to his interpretation. It is difficult to distinguish between primary sacred texts of religious traditions from those that are also sacred but secondary. For instance, in the Mahayana Buddhist tradition, there are a number of texts that are treated as sacred that it is not possible to single out those which deserve the title scripture.
The Buddhist brought with them the concept of multiple gods and Buddha’s “spiritual state to provide the power for humans to make the transition into death and the afterlife successfully” (Corduan, 2012, p.410). Confucianism brought the obedience of the child to the parent into Chinese mainstream life, plus the “social stratification and codes governing dress, actions and communication” (Corduan, 2012, p.409). Taoism introduced the balance of forces in harmony in spirits in the form of yin and yang, thus creating that balance of nature and humans (Corduan, 2012). Christianity influenced Chinese life both socially and economically by introducing the concepts of “love for one’s neighbor, self-discipline, and trust” (Lu, 2014, p.2) as both essential and beneficial (Lu, 2014). All of these together with the traditional Chinese religion, give the Chinese culture it’s popular religion
People seek monks to preform burial rights, but they can look to Traditional Religion for the conventional wisdom of elders. Chinese Popular Religion uses key features and keys practices in order to adhere to its faith, by looking at Chinese society for the roles religion plays in the everyday life, and to see the how Christianity has impacted Chinese society while seeking ways that Christians can enhance interactions within the Chinese society. Chinese Popular Religion includes different religions rolled into one Traditional Religion. Some of these key features are the intertwining of society and religion, the complete balance of the universe as expressed in the Yin and Yang. Early traditional Chinese practices of fortunetelling, in order to