The White House. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Mar. 2014. .
The financial crisis of 2008. The financial crisis of 2008 was caused by both the Monetary and Fiscal policy. The Financial crisis started when the US government housing policy reduced its underwriting standards, and gave sums of money into the housing market, this started as early as mid-90s, which was aimed to encourage more home ownership for both low and moderate income earners Citizens of America. This policy worked well until 2007 when the US was faced with a financial crisis. These was caused by both the monetary policy and fiscal policy.. Monetary Policy that caused the 2008 crisis By 2005, the Federal Reserve had recognized that they had expanded the monetary policy which caused a higher inflation.
Even today, strong debates continue over major issues caused by the Great Recession in part over the accommodative federal monetary and fiscal policy (Economic Policy Institute, 2013). The Great Recession of 2007 – 2009 enlarges the longest financial crisis since the Great Depression of 1929 – 1932 that damaged the economy. The causes of the Great Recession all started as hundreds of billions of dollars was given to the United States abroad and financiers conceiving were to make a profit and what better way but the real estate market. Since the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 and an expansion made in 1995 the than President Bush endorsed the program that created Option adjustable rate mortgages (nick-named “Pick-A-Pay”) to allow for bank to sell these options even though they were high risk (Conservapedia, 2013). The Community Reinvestment Act of 1977/95 is defined as to framework financial institutions, state and local governments, and community organizations to jointly promote banking services in the community” (Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, n.d.).
The purpose of this essay is to explore the parallels between the underlying factors which led to the 1929 Wall Street Crash and the present Credit Crunch. The 1929 Wall Street crash was caused by weaknesses in the US economy. After WW1 the USA experienced a decade of economic growth generated by the levels of mass production and industrial growth during the war years. This along with the popular culture of success (the Jazz and party scene) made America appear a hugely prosperous country. However, the glitz and glamour of USA was superficial as very few reaped the benefits of this wealth.
President Calvin Coolidge once said, "The business of America is business" (Napolo 35). During the 1920's, America saw a shift toward widespread business expansion and economy prosperity. Economic expansion created new, booming businesses and thriving business profits which in turn raised the standard of living for many Americans. During this time in America, businessmen advocated a return to laissez-faire economics, less government regulation of business, and less government support for labor unions. The federal government supported big businesses by way of high tariff policies and cutbacks in the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
Many people assumed that this trend of increasing housing prices would persist. In 2000, interest rates were lowered to try and ward off recession and get the economy going. Lowering interest rates means injecting additional money into the economy. Also, in the years leading up to the start of the crisis in 2007, significant amounts of foreign money flowed into the U.S. from fast-growing economies in Asia and oil-producing countries. This inflow of funds contributed to the lower interest rates which lead to inflation and the dramatic increase of housing prices.