Comparing the Democratic Progress in Taiwan and Hong Kong

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Internal factors: The political system and the public involvement Progress of development of the political system The different progress of development of the democratic system in Taiwan and Hong Kong can be attributed to their internal and unique political structure and role of political parties. First of all, it should be noted that there are fundamental differences in the design of government structures in Taiwan and Hong Kong. In Taiwan, as long as the boss of the party won the presidential election, he or she will be granted the legitimacy to rule the country, no matter the KMT, DPP or any party he or she comes from. Also, the president was elected by representatives of the National Assembly indirectly. He or she would be responsible for organizing the government. Thus, in the National Assembly, the power to rule the country rested on the political party who controls the majority seats. In contrast, the political system of Hong Kong was highly deviated from Taiwan. In Hong Kong, before 1997 it was the British who appointed the Governor to maneuver the administrative power, but after the handover the Chief Executive was elected by 400 people who are eligible to being in the Election Committee (Kwok, 2003). The British or the Chinese government had never intended to share the power to the local government which was made up by election. Even though direct elections had been introduced by the British government in 1991, administrative power was still strictly held in the hands of the Hong Kong government and the essence of the governance simply did not changed (Kwok, 2003). This can be reflected by the existence of opposition parties and the inability of them to get the ruling power despite they could reach a simple majority in ... ... middle of paper ... ...sitory. Hu, C. F. (2005). Taiwan’s Geopolitics and Chiang Ching-Kuo’s Decision to Democratize Taiwan. Standford Journal of East Asian Affairs, 5(1), 26-44. Kwok, K. K. (2003). A Comparative Study of Democratization of Taiwan and Hong Kong (Doctoral dissertation, University of Hong Kong). Lee, T. H. (1999). The Road to Democracy: Taiwan’s Pursuit of Identity. PHP Institute, Tokyo. Martin, M. F. (2012). Prospects for Democracy in Hong Kong: Results of the 2012 Elections. CRS Report for Congress. Retreieved from Congressional Research Service. Wong, K. Y. (2004). More balancing than Bandwagoning: Hong Kong and Taiwan’s Responses to the Mainland China Factor in Electoral Politics. Twenty First Century Review, 81, 20-25. Retrieved from the Chinese University of Hong Kong. Institute of Chinese Studies. Yahuda, M.(1996). Hong Kong: China’s Challenge. Routledge, London.

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