Sentencing Philosophies When a judge or magistrate looks at the possibility of recidivism, they tend to lean towards a sentence structured around rehabilitation to help reduce the offender’s chance of committing crimes in the future. The decision of what type of sentence to impose and which one will work best for each individual criminal are things that come together before the court as a joint effort by many parties involved and not just the judge wearing the robe and holding the gavel. Each of the four main sentencing philosophies play a large roll in how the U.S. justice system works. Rehabilitation Usually police officers make the initial contact with a suspect after a crime has been committed. The officer’s report and the evidence collected makes the case which are sent to the prosecutor’s office and court.
Then comes the investigation process. Officers try to sort through the evidence and come up with a solution or a suspect. Next comes the arrest or citation of an individual if the officer believes that there is enough facts and evidence to do so. If an officer does not find enough evidence or a suspect, the case remains open. After the arrest or citation comes the prosecution and pretrial.
They calculate the time a case will take from past experiences, then they will determine that the shorter case be given priority over longer cases. This gives us a direct insight how the police view the different types of defendants. Within the court their is set procedures to deal with the influx of large numbers of people. When court is in session, court officials work at considerable pressure. They have to work in various roles such as the detaining of prisoners in custody and have to preserve the law as it is invested in them.
Investigation of a crime is done by the law enforcement. The purpose of this criminal investigation is to find evidence so that a suspect can be identified and to support the arrest of the subject. The next step would be the arrest of a suspect done by the law enforcement. This involves taking a person into custody. Then comes the prosecution of the defendant by an attorney.
Substantive rules prohibit certain behaviors and define crime as well as establishing penalties and their parameter. Procedural rules, on the other hand, controls the enforcement of substantive law, determines guilt and the punishment to be imposed to the guilty. This paper explores criminal trial and the procedural steps in a criminal trial. Criminal Trial According to John (2010, p.16), there are basic procedural steps that are common to all prosecutions in a crime although some differ greatly among jurisdictions. Agencies enforcing law, arrests, cross-examine persons in custody and then conducts searches and seizures in every jurisdiction.
This system is in place in order to protect and serve the many individuals in the U.S be it at a local, state or federal level. The criminal Justice system include agencies such as law enforcement, courts, and prosecution and defense attorneys. Once a crime has been committed it goes through the law enforce first which includes the police officers that investigate the crimes. Then based on evidence they make an arrest and the case goes to court in front of a jury. In court the prosecution and defense attorneys argues to the right of the client and the state.
Police, courts, and corrections are separated government institutions with different goals, histories, and operating procedures. Law enforcement officials report crimes that happen in their area. Officers investigate crimes and gather evidence to identify and use against a presumed perpetrator. Thus, it is the duty of the officer to uphold the rights of offenders, victims, and to conduct police procedures within rules set by law. Depending on the nature of the crime and the evidence gathered it is up to the police discretion to make an arrest or issue a citation for the accused to appear in court.
They prosecute all adults who commit felonies and juveniles who commit delinquent crimes. Conjointly, the prosecutors have further responsibilities, such as legal adviser of the country commissioners, the Board of Elections, and written admonition of the prosecutors. Police In today’s justice system, law enforcement contributes a significant role in the prosecution of criminals. Police officials use searches and seizures to inspect and collect evidence to convict an individual for suspect of crime. Though, previous to a search taking place, there must be a prerequisite of probably cause, that is, evidence of an illegal act.
The prosecutor examines law violations together with the police. He or she might have contact with the individual associated with the wrongdoing, the victimized person and witnesses, and have close contact with the police. Once the preparatory examinations have been finished, the prosecutor judges whether there is sufficient proof
Crimes that FBI profilers might be acquainted include sexual assaults, homicides, kidnappings, bombings, threats, battery, and manslaughter are just some of the main points of what FBI profilers deal with on a normal basis. The action of criminal profiling goes into depth of personality of the criminal and an analysis of how the crime was committed. The profiler will considered any information from the crime scene, eyewitnesses and possible motives for the crime. FBI profilers will interview criminals to get an understanding of motives... ... middle of paper ... ...ehavior a human may cause. These types of profilers focus more on the criminals-who a person is , how that person thinks, and why a person do the things that are done (The FBI).