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Comparing and Contrasting Scientific realism and Phenomenology

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The objective of science is elucidate some sort of “truth” with regard to the world and how it works. But how do we arrive at this concept of “truth”? Epistomology, or the study of the origin, nature and limits to the production of human knowledge, provides a multitude of frameworks from which to work from. These approaches address the creation of knowledge and provide the scientist or observer with a reference from which to test the limits and validity of the knowledge that are created from research. The objective of this paper to is to explore two differing epistemologies by comparing and contrasting how they arrive at the “truth” of science and the production of knowledge. A historical perspective will be given in order to provide a framework for understanding how these differing epistemologies emerged. Scientific realism and phenomenology provide an interesting opportunity to address how knowledge and the creation of knowledge may be propagated in a variety of ways.
Scientific realism’s inception began as a reaction to the logical positivism movement that reigned in philosophical thought during the early twentieth century. Logical positivism purported that empirical exploration was only observable and truth could only be explained if it could be seen. However, scientific realism addressed the weaknesses inherent in logical positivism. It addressed the need for the cyclic nature between theory and observation and bridged the understanding of the time. One of the main assertions that scientific realism argues for is the concept that scientific knowledge is progressive in nature, and that it is able to predict phenomena successfully. Theory provided credibility to the objects that were unobservable and they ...

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...e with the world.
Today, phenomenologists identify with three broad paradigms. The first paradigm considers phenomenology as a science that is derived from the first-person perspective and how it is experienced by the observer. In this instance, the observed world comes from a singular place that is only experienced by the individual and meaning can only be derived as it appears to the individual and may be considered to be anti-objective. This is in stark contrast to epistemological approaches that rely upon empirical data, such as scientific realism. Instead, phenomenology argues that the subjective perspective may elucidate truth once it is “articulated and intersubjectively confirmed.” (Luft and Overgaard, 2012). They would argue that once one person describes an account of their world, this would qualify for others as well and thus becomes communal in nature.
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