Spanish and English relationships with the Indigenous tribes of the New World challenged each other’s opinions of the natives’ usefulness. At the commencement of the Spaniard’s arrival in North America, Spanish settlers began with a poor correspondence with the Native Americans. Instantaneously, upon arrival, the Spaniards had begun to imprison the natives with leader, Christopher Columbus, saying that the Arawak people “would make excellent servants.” Through the use of the Encomiendas System - a system where natives were given land, shelter, and protection from other
On May 26, 1637, English settlers under Captain John Mason, and Narragansett and Mohegan allies set fire to a Pequot fort near the Mystic River. The fort only had two entrances, and anybody that tried to flee the fort was shot by awaiting enemies. The only Pequots that survived were those who had followed their sachem Sassacus in a raiding party outside the village. This attack on the fort almost entirely wiped out the Pequot population and resulted in them eventually losing the war. As a result of this the 1638 treaty of Hartford was signed, stating that all remaining Pequots were to be slaves, for the English and other tribes. This could have been the Start of slavery in the united states, and it could have also been an event that led to the enslaving of hundreds of thousands of Africans. This affected the United States greatly because, without this one battle, this country might not be as culturally diverse as it is today.
The differences between the colonizing experiences of Spain and England were in the sources of financial support and attitude. The English colonies were settled by royal charter for commercial use or refugees escaping religious oppression, while the Spanish settlements were for conquest, riches, and plunder. Little attempt was made to actually farm the land, the enslaved Indians took care of that in Spanish territories. The attitude of the Spanish
When one looks back on the history of the British settlers in the Americas, there are many differences and similarities between those who settled up north in the New England colonies and those who settled down south. There are also differences in the way the north and south lived their lives, did their jobs, what their economic system was like and how the labor force was set up. Among these many differences there are some similarities as well. Those who left England sought religious and political freedom, as well as governmental and economic stability.
The New England colonies and Middle Atlantic colonies are two of many colonies that settled in America. The New England colonies came and settled in the northern part of America. While the Middle Atlantic colonies settled in states like Pennsylvania and New Jersey. These two colonies shared one major goal that they both shared. That major goal was to expand their religion. The Middle Atlantic colonies wanted to come to a new piece of land and expand their religion. Furthermore, they would also accept others that didn’t follow the same religion as them. The New England colonies also came to America to expand their religion. However, they wanted to purify themselves in order to become more holy Christians. They would not accept non-Christians.
The Pequots were a warlike tribe of Indians who attempted to covertly gain control of all the Indians in the New England territory. Obviously, they posed quite a problem for the colonists. Initially, they attempted to compromise with a peace treaty. The Indian tribe accepted the treaty that put in place guidelines that had to be met. Of course, it wasn't long afterwards, that said tribe starting assaulting the pilgrims. The Pequot tribe killed two important figures at the time and slaughtered the armed expedition sent out by the (Massachusetts Bay Colony) in response to these assassinations. Furthermore, the Pequot's sought to convince the Narragansetts to attack the pilgrims. Thus, the colonists didn't have any choice but to take up arms and defend their women and
Religion in the southwest Spanish settlements was considerably more unified than that of New England colonies although they were all based on Christianity. All of the Spaniards fell under Catholicism and were a united front in spreading their religion. Any tribe that resisted conversion was forced into slavery or completely annihilated. In contrast, The New England colonies were divided into several religions: the Quakers, the Presbyterians, the Baptists, the Anglicans, the Catholics, the Evangelicals and etc… They did less to force their religion onto the natives and more to welcome them if they wanted to join. The reason for this difference would be the religious unrest in England, similar to that in the world today, and the absolute Catholic
New Englanders view the natives as in need of saving from their sinful ways and so did not embrace the natives but did rely on them for help during the early years as more Englishmen arrived in the colonies. Conflict increased a series of blood wars that were known as King Philip's war and Pequot Wars, occurring during the colonial era between the Puritans and the American Indians.
3. The French and Spanish colonies were both established for different reasons. The French colonies were established as trading posts. Most of the population of the French colonies were merchants, fur traders, and missionaries. Later French colonies followed in the path of trading posts as well. The Spanish colonies were established because of the conquests Spain underwent. They would go out and claim and take over land on their conquests, and that would expand their empire. Most of the southwest and southern regions were claimed by Spain. Spain's population was mostly missionaries, conquistadors, and soldiers.
According to the video, coexistence between the English and the Native Americans was necessary because each group needed accommodations only available through trade. The Pequot tribe was the most powerful at the time of the colonization. They controlled most of the trade so keeping the peace between them was important for the English colonies. This peaceful coexistence was short lived, as the indian population began to decrease due to disease the Europeans realized they might not have to share the land afterall. Each group viewed the ownership of land differently and that led to conflict, since the Pequots
There had been many conflicts between the colonists and Pequot Indians. There had been conflict over property, livestock destroying Indian crops, hunting, selling alcohol to the Indians, and untrustworthy traders. The colonists had believed that God gave them the right to settle the New territory. They also thought that the Indians, that they called savages, were to also believe that. The Indians over time had pretty much been at the mercy of the colonists due to these predicaments. They needed the colonists goods, but the
Spanish colonization of American began at 1492 after Columbus came to here with the goal of “god, gold and glory”. And Jamestown was the first permanent English settlement in the New World. Both of the two groups of people share the motivations of “wealth, trade and rivalry”. Spanish explorers more focus on gaining land and gold for their country, and they killed thousands of natives in order to take gold, silver, and other resources while claiming their land in the name of Spain. Another interest of them is to spread religion. All the settlers were restricted to Catholics and many of them have Christian mission and want to convert Natives to Christians. But different from Spanish, English don’t care about the religion and their main propose
The three colonizing nations of England, France, and Spain undoubtedly affected the Native American people living in their respective areas of contact. These regions were respectfully the Northeastern coastline of the United States for England, trans-Mississippi and Midwest region of the United States and most of Canada for France, and the Southwest and portions of the Southeast region of the United States along with most of South America for Spain. The three colonizing nations affected the Indigenous people in these areas through new trade opportunities, diseases, ecological issues, and through their hunger for resources. However, The United Kingdom undeniably had the most devastating and destructive impact on Native American society and culture