How would you react if you were informed that Congress was passing a law that would make alcohol illegal to buy, sell or consume in the near future? Believe it or not, during the roaring twenties alcohol was banned due to the ratification of the Eighteenth Amendment. During the 1920’s prohibition was approved by Congress to decrease addiction and immoral activity amongst society, but instead it ignited the creation of organized crime. The research I performed supports why prohibition was fought for and legalized, how Americans who opposed prohibition challenged it, and how organized crime was formed. During Herbert Hoover’s presidency, his Legislature ratified the Eighteenth Amendment in January of 1919 but it did not take effect until a year later.
Volstead Act is known as enabling legislation it set down the rules for enforcing the ban and defined any type of alcoholic beverages that were prohibited. Consumption and private ownership of alcohol was not made illegal under federal law; however, local laws in many areas were stricter, with some places banning possession outright. In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries when they introduced alcohol prohibition and its subsequent enforcement in law was a very debated issue. Prohibition supporters also called drys, presented it as a win for public health and morals. Anti-prohibitionists, were also... ... middle of paper ... ...Women's Church Federation, and the Department of Scientific Temperance Instruction.
Although it had a lot of support, millions of people still disagreed with the law. People did not take the law seriously; it banned something that they had always done so law abiding citizens did not feel bad about breaking the law. In 1929 the great depression began, and by 1932 the potential jobs that could be created by the return of the liquor industry was too tempting. When Franklin D. Roosevelt ran for office, he promised the end of Prohibition. Roosevelt won the election and in 1933 the 21st amendment was ratified, the 21st amendment nullifies the 18th amendment making the production, sale, and transport of alcohol legal again.
There were large numbers of saloons opening up and many also incorporated gambling and prostitution. Some religious communities, women’s Christian groups and politicians thought the use of alcohol was immoral and sinful, and wanted to create a reformed society where people would give up drinking. By taking the licenses away from the manufacturers of alcohol and the places of business, through the Prohibition Act, they hoped this would turn society around. https://prohibition.osu.edu/why-prohibition W... ... middle of paper ... ...consequences of the abuse of alcohol and how it affects the rest of society. A lot was learned from those fourteen years and those lessons are important today.
It was a major issue because alcohol was ruining families and making families poor. Alcohol is a major waste of money and destroys the lives of people and there families. “Nevertheless, National Prohibition succeeded both in lowering consumption and in retaining political support until the onset of the Great Depression altered voters priorities” (Blocker). The Temperance Movement was helping lower the consumption and sales of alcoholic beverages. “Prohibition affected alcoholic bev... ... middle of paper ... ...l and it is no longer going on today because we can legally have and purchase alcohol at the age of 21.
How much information about the Volstead/Prohibition Act of the 1920, do you know about? In December 18th, 1917, Congress sent the eighteenth Amendment to the states. On January 16th, 1818, the act banned the manufacture, sale of transport of intoxicating liquor. In the year of 1919, the Volstead/Prohibition act states “intoxicating” as all beverages containing more than 0.5 percent alcohol which became illegal when the eighteenth Amendment went into effect in 1920. The prohibition Act of the 1920’s was brought into laws due to the push of temperance but reinforcing the law was weak so untimely, there were lots of bad effects.
Prohibition, members of the Temperance movement urged, would stop husbands from spending all the family income on a... ... middle of paper ... ...required to sell alcohol, and those that did still had difficulty obtaining alcohol to serve. Some legal establishments were forced to buy directly from speakeasies and bootleggers. Others opened up stock remaining from pre-Prohibition days as well as bottles purchased in the ensuing years under medicinal permits. (Brayton) President Roosevelt helped end prohibition. In 1933, wide spread disillusionment (disappointment) led congress to ratify the 21st amendment, which repealed prohibition.
Prohibition was put in place by the Temperance Movement because they blamed alcohol for the United States flaws, especially murder and crime. Also, people began to notice that alcohol damaged our health and blamed it on the future generation health problems. Prohibition was also established because of economic and political reasons. For instance, many workers came to work intoxicated and the absence rate was very high causing jobs to be less efficient. Many politicians won voters in rural areas because they promised to back up prohibition.
I will now explain the ways in which both the sources agree and disagree. Source A gives a wide variety of reasons as to what went wrong with prohibition and why. Firstly it gives an overview of reasons why Prohibition was needed to be introduced such as the bad influence of the saloons and the influences of the Anti-Saloon league and already we know that the evils of alcohol are disrupting everyday life. We then are hit with the main reason as to why alcohol needed to be banned and prohibition introduced: they needed a safe environment and they were in a 'War to Make the World Safe for Democracy'. This would have especially appealed to parents who would have believed that alcohol would eventually 'win' this war and make the world unsafe for the future generations.
Both presidential candidates in 1932 were 'wet' so on 5th December 1933 Prohibition was finally abolished by the 21st Amendment - 14 years after it had been introduced. But was organised crime and the gangsters the only reason why Prohibition failed? I will give a talk about how organised crime contributed to the failure of prohibition. The 18th Amendment had banned the sale, transportation and manufacture of alcohol in America. But it was clear to some, that millions neither wanted this law nor would respect it,“ rich and immigrant working class, regarded Prohibition as an intolerable infringement of personal liberty and simply defied it.” There was obviously a huge market for what in the 1920's was an illegal commodity.