Born in France on March 31st, 1596, Rene Descartes grew to be known as ‘The Father of Modern Philosophy”. Not only was Rene a philosophical man but he contributed greatly to Mathematics and his ideas have influenced our daily lives in a productive way. DesCartes was raised in a very religious christian family, his father was a member of the parliament and strongly believed in education at a young age. DesCartes studied at the Jesuit college at the mere age of eight. As a child and throughout his adulthood physical incapabilities enabled DesCartes to function as swift or promptly as his peers.
However, he failed as a business person, and followed his brother's pathway in mathematics and sciences (McElroy 31). In 1683, Bernoulli enrolled at the University of Basel (Young 52). His older brother, Jakob, was a professor of mathematics, and he was teaching about experimental physics at the time. Bernoulli studied medicine and physics, and he achieved his doctorate in 1694, by writing a mathematical dissertation in the field of medicine (McElroy 31). Although his father didn't want him to, Bernoulli also studied mathematics alone with his brother in hopes that this would help him in his career as a physicist (Olanoff 612).
He asked a stranger to translate it into either French or Latin. The stranger was Isaac Beeckman, the head of the Dutch College at Dort. He told Descartes he would do so only if he would answer it for him. The placard was a challenge to the world to solve a certain geometrical problem. Descartes worked it out within a few hours, and a close friendship had formed between the two.This unexpected test of his mathematical attainments made the unpleasant life of the army distasteful to him, but because of family influence and tradition he remained a soldier.
Roman Catholicism exerted a strong influence on Descartes throughout his life. Upon graduation from school, he studied law at the University of Poitiers, graduating in 1616. He never practiced law, however--in 1618 he entered the service of Prince Maurice of Nassau at Breda, Netherlands, with the intention of following a military career. In succeeding years Descartes served in other armies, but his attention had already been attracted to the problems of mathematics and philosophy to which he was to devote the rest of his life. He made a pilgrimage to Italy in 1623-24, and spent the years from 1624 to 1628 in France.
Galileo began teaching private mathematics in Florence, and then during 1585-86 at Siena where he held a public appointment. During the summer of 1586 he wrote his first scientific book The Little Balance (La Balancitta) which described Archimedes' method of finding the relative densities of substances using a balance. In the following year he traveled to Rome to visit Clavius who was professor of mathematics there. A topic which was very popular with mathematicians at this time was centers of gravity and Galileo brought with him some results which he had discovered on this topic. But even though he impressed Clavius with his knowledge on various subjects, Galileo failed to gain a job to teach mathematics at the University of Bologna.
Due to his own mathematic curiosity and Johann’s private lessons, at the under-ripened age of 16, Euler became a college graduate with a Master’s degree. His curiosity in mathematics allowed Euler to study the works of other brilliant ... ... middle of paper ... ... all their squares, cubes, and fourth, fifth, and sixth powers. An impressive feat for anyone, but his abilities did not stop there. He was also able to do mental calculations up to at least fifty places of accuracy. He also completely memorized Virgil’s Aeneid in Latin.
Descartes decided to join the armed force of an aristocrat in 1617. While serving, Descartes went over a certain geometrical issue that had been acted like a test to the whole world to understand. After tackling the issue in just a couple of hours, he had met a man named Isaac Beeckman, a Dutch researcher. This would end up being a long fellowship. Since getting mindful of his scientific capabilities, the life of the armed force was inadmissible to Descartes.
When he was eight years old, "he was enrolled in the Jesuit school of La Fleche in Anjou, where he remained for eight years" ("Descartes"). There, he received instruction in mathematics, scholastic philosophy, and classical studies. Although he was planning on having a military career in the Netherlands, "his attention had already been attracted to the problems of mathematics and philosophy to which he was to devote the rest of his life" ("Descartes"). Descartes experienced an unfor... ... middle of paper ... ... Descartes was an important philosopher in the seventeenth century and one of the reasons why was his view on God. Because of his knowledge and inspiration that November 10, he has been able to elaborate on philosophy.
He once said that “there is nothing that is so troublesome to mathematical practice than the multiplications, divisions, square and cubical extractions of great numbers, which besides the tedious expense of time are for the most part subject to many slippery errors.” That was a main reason that he wanted to find a way to multiply and divide large numbers easier. All of the theories and accomplishments that John Napier contributed to the world have added up to making him a famous and worthwhile mathematician. Not only were his works important while he was alive, they were starting blocks for many other great scientists and innovators in the math and science fields. His theories are still being used and taught in modern times across the world.
His father, Simon Jacobi, was a banker and his older brother, Moritz von Jacobi, was an engineer and later a physicist. As you can tell, part of his family was involved in mathematics before he even started. He was mostly taught by his uncle Lehman and by the age of 12 he went to the Potsdam Gymnasium where he was schooled. Although he was very young, after almost half of a year, Jacobi was promoted to the senior class because of his knowledge and learning abilities. He received high awards for his knowledge and perseverance in Latin, Greek, and history yet he excelled at mathematics.