In this epic, Homer anthropomorphizes some phenomena, thus creating deities in order to explain some of the events of the Trojan War. These created gods are abstract and represent only the single phenomenon that Homer attributes to them. The Olympian gods, on the other hand, are existent deities whose actions go beyond the phenomena attributed to them by the Greeks. Homer, therefore, uses the Olympians to explain numerous phenomena. In Homer’s Iliad, the goddess Strife appears only at times of war.
In addition, both epics contain similar characters, mainly gods, like Poseidon and Juno and Circe and Dido. Upon closer examination, the epics begin to deviate from each other in writing style. Virgil uses vivid imagery while Homer opts for his signature Homeric similes. The culminating difference between the two is the reason in which they were written. The Odyssey offers an insight into Greek customs as well as common Greek myths but because Virgil was hired by Augustus to write The Aeneid, there are multiple instances of bias and propaganda in favor of the Roman emperor.
Were they used to explain acts of nature? Do they now belong to anything outside the scope of literary history? Rather than speculate about the role of gods in all of Greek culture, it is more manageable to look at one specific text and determine the role its gods play within its world. In The Iliad, the gods are an integral part of the poem. Their foibles and fickleness recall for the reader the humanness of the Greek gods, and spark a mental association of men to myths.
Those familiar with the myth of Orpheus, for example, may question whether he was simply a foil, simply a tool used by the gods, constructed simply to show the power of the gods and death, the foolishness of man, or if his paradigm was meant to glorify his kind. In order to come to a conclusion regarding this question, examination into Orpheus’ life, story, and role must be made. The tale of Orpheus has been retold throughout history, and the critical views and opinions of generations since have changed with the centuries a propos his presence as a figure in Greek mythology. Intellectuals name Orpheus as the son of the Muse Calliope, the patron of epic poetry and fluency (Lindemans 1997). His paternity oft disputed, usually his father is described as either Apollo, god of music and light (Leadbetter 1997), or Oeagrus, a king of Thrace (James 1997).
Not only do they talk about their various gods, and heroes, but they also talk about how they viewed the universe in general (Rosenberg 79). Greek Mythology evolved from two early civilizations, the Mycenaean’s and the Minoans. It was the combining of these different Greek cities and Kingdoms during 10th century B.C. that created Greek Mythology. Its Geographic isolation gave it a place for mythologies to evolve (Gale Virtual Reference Library: Greek Mythology 454-456).
First you must determine what a myth is? Webster's New Riverside Dictionary defines a myth as, "A traditional story originating in a preliterate society, dealing with supernatural beings, ancestors, or heroes that serve as primordial types in a primitive view of the world." Through class discussions and the viewing of the films I would define a myth as, a sacred story involving gods, kings, and heroes. Myths usually tell some type of story of how the gods created man and all that he knows. It is believed that myths were created to give the people some type of guidelines to live their life by.
Kafka points out the many layers of the unexplained myth of Prometheus. In perspective, I believe the main concept of Kafka`s version “ Prometheus” is strongly based on the objective that, Greek mythology comes in many different version but has one significant scenario which Kafka only pointed out while excluding the other significant pieces that are involved with the Prometheus
Divine intervention is another major component of this epic. At the beginning, Homer placed the role of the gods to determine the fate of Odysseus. “With this Athena left him/ as a bird rustles upward, off and gone. / But as she went she put new spirit in him, / a new dream of his father…” (I. 368-371).
Sumerians believed the natural world was comprised of several gods: Nanna suen (Moon God), Utu (Sun God) Nin-khursaga(Earth goddess), Enki(God of Waters) and Enlil(God of Air) (Backman 2013, 16). Natural events were attributed to the gods (Backman 2013, 16). If strong gusts aro... ... middle of paper ... ...lso greatly appealed to the Romans. Marcus Aurelius who ruled a little over twenty years contributed to this school by writing a book discussing the secretes of Stoicism. The book titled Meditations was “intended as a type of personal guide or reflective exercise, the Meditations touch upon morality, social cares, and self-control, among other themes”(Backman and Axen 2014, 77).
The earliest form of fatalism is called theological fatalism. It is the view that lives are under control by powerful beings or spirits that people collect together as gods. The gods may intervene to help or to harm people and thus prevent them from acting as they might. Gods may shape lives by determining the paths people are bound to follow. Greek poet, Hesiod, had explained the idea of the Moirai - the three goddesses of fate; he shared how life was pictured as a thread.