(Act I, Sc i, Ln 47-53) This is the first and most significant of the many sins that he makes in this play. By abdicating his throne to fuel his ego he is disrupts the great chain of being which states that the King must not challenge the position that God has given him. This undermining of God's authority results in chaos that tears apart Lear's world. Leaving him, in the end, with nothing. Following this Lear begins to banish those around him that genuinely care for him as at this stage he cannot see beyond the mask that the evil wear.
This furthermore leads to the downfall of Willy and his family, proving that Willy Loman is a tragic hero. To conclude, “Death of a Salesman” by Arthur Miller satisfies the criteria for a tragic play because Willy’s pride is a tragic flaw that leads to his downfall. Ultimately, Willy gains enlightenment of his false perception of life and realizes how he inhibits the success of his family. This epiphany leads him to sacrifice himself for the well-being of his family. During his lifetime, Willy’s pride caused him to have an overinflated ego, a bizarre idealistic view on life, and a false value system.
In Shakespearean tragedy, the main character has a tragic flaw that causes him to bring his downfall upon himself. In the play Macbeth by William Shakespeare, Macbeth’s tragic flaw is his unquenchable desire for power; he understands his actions are evil yet proceeds with them regardless-- this is what ultimately leads to his downfall. Macbeth’s strong desire for power is evident early on in the play and the lengths he goes to to attain his power are extreme. Upon hearing the prophecy the three witches give Macbeth, he is named Thane of Cawdor then immediately thinks of becoming King of Scotland. He hesitates between allowing fate to take its course or taking action to ensure the prophecy comes true, and decides that “If chance will have [him] king, why, chance may/ crown [him]/ Without [his] stir” (1.3.157-59).
A Shakespearean audience would immediately recognize this having been on the verge of Civil war following the death of Queen Elizabeth I. It could be said therefore, that Lear is not more sinned against than sinning, because his rash resolution is followed with unnecessary death and sheer anarchy. This is not King Lear’s only error. As a ruler, he has several faults in his character. Firstly, his egotism causes untold damage at the beginning of the play.
In "King Lear" Shakespeare makes use of a subplot to emphasize the sufferings of the tragic hero, King Lear. The characters Lear and Gloucester are both of elevated status in society, and both plummet into a world of disorder and chaos as a result of their errors in judgement. Gloucester's initial error in judgement causes division among his family, whereas Lear's tragic flaw has an effect not only on his family, but as the king he disrupts the society as a whole. These flaws lead to the sufferings of Lear and Gloucester as both characters must suffer through the worst in order to see the truth of their predicaments. Although King Lear and Gloucester both possess elements of a tragic hero, Gloucester's punishment simply parallels, on a lower scale, Lear's deterioration into madness.
He misleads them to believing that the cause of his madness was over the loss of his true love, Ophelia. Even though the loss of Ophelia did affect him, the real cause of his madness was him plotting against his uncle to seek revenge for his fathers death. He brings in poor Ophelia into the madness of it all. He enters her room and causes a scene, grabbing her and throwing her as if she was nothing but a rag to him. She did nothing wrong and yet Hamlet treats her as if she should be pun... ... middle of paper ... ...e Online .
It is through this lens of madness that Lear views his friends and family, and thus he is stripped of everything before he can realize the folly of his judgment. Reduced to a simple man, Lear is forced to learn the lessons that God's anointed is already supposed to know. This is the purpose of the secondary characters of King Lear; they serve to show the many complex facets of Lear's complex personality, as they force him to finally get in touch with his self-conscious. For example, the Fool, oddly enough, acts as the voice of reason for the out-of -touch King. He views events critically and thus seems to foreshadow situations that an ignorant Lear is completely oblivious to.
The role of hubris has presented itself in the play Oedipus the King by Sophocles, we learn that Oedipus is a hubris king who tries to control the gods and avoid his fate. Hubris is defined as excessive personal pride which we see in Oedipus throughout the play. As the play progresses further, Oedipus hubris overwhelms him and he gets into dangerous situations. His pride as king blinds him from the truth as he goes directly to his downfall without realizing it. Oedipus hubris is what causes his tragic downfall because he blinds himself from Tiresias prophecy, avoids Apollo’s prophecy, and his pursuit in trying to find Laius’ murder.
Throughout the play Lear reaches many realizations through his mistakes and symbolic madness, people’s wrong doings toward him, and his return to sanity through redemptive salvation. Lear makes many mistakes at the end of his lifetime. The want of an untroubled life of second childhood without the responsibilities of a well respected king is the main mistake Lear makes. The slippage of his self- image finally causes him to go mad (Dominic 233). Before Lear goes mad he realizes the state in which he is turning when he states, “My wits begin to turn.
With this, he is allowing these undermining and evil ways of his to get the betterment of him, corrupting his being. Macbeth is so consumed by the thoughts of becoming powerful that he corrupts himself to an even further extent. Before and after the murder o... ... middle of paper ... ... him. After Macbeth finds out of Banquo and Fleance's escape, he takes no time in moving onto the next victim. His ambition is to "surprises" Macduff with the "edge o' th' sword," but his wife and children, their "unfortunate souls," die instead (IV.i.174-177).