16). Such examples would be the Iliad and Odyssey as they are the epic poems describing extremely important Greek events. By examining the topic of Greek myths and legends, one can see that the age of gods and mortals, origin theories and the Greek conception of philosophy are highly evident in proving that Greek society had evolved around the following and believing of these three areas. This was the age when gods had lived alone and numerous human interferences were encountered. Gods and mortals had began to involve themselves in relationships even though it was forbidden.
In addition to each author having a different writing style, The Aeneid is used as a form of propaganda while The Odyssey is a record of Greek myths and values. Although written more than six hundred years apart, it is apparent that Virgil pulled much of his writing from Homer’s. This is demonstrated through the similarities in plots between The Odyssey and The Aeneid. The first half of The Aeneid can be summarized as a hero wandering, much like the story of The Odyssey. One example of this is in book 1 of The Aeneid when Aeneas and the Trojans land at Carthage.
It is also a tale that entertains, and teaches those from all periods of history of honor, courage, sacrifice, and love. The plot of the Iliad is most likely based on legends and stories passed down through Greek tradition. The Greeks believed that their ancestors, such as Achilles and Agamemnon, were born from the gods of Olympus. Several times Homer makes references to people being stronger, faster, or nobler at this time. “…Aeneas seized a great stone, so huge that two men, as men now are, would be unable to lift it, but Aeneas wielded it quite easily.” (The Iliad) This is a clue that it was common for people to have great respect for their ancestors at the time, and Homer reflects this in his poem.
The Epic of Gilgamesh and The Odyssey are epic stories from ancient history that deal with the struggle and triumph of an epic hero. Gilgamesh and Odysseus, deal with many obstacles while on a quest for self-discovery or of some sort of goal. Gilgamesh was developed in early Mesopotamia and the Odyssey came about in early Greece. These epics reveal much about the area from which they originated. These two characters have many similarities such as their determination, their heroism, and their desires.
The society is also cooperative as the trapper’s son cooperates with the prostitute so that they can trick Enkidu and make him human. The trapper’s son also relates well with his father as he goes to him to seek for advice. Conclusively, the epic poem has shown the relationship between gods and human through the history that has been narrated. The humans have always had a fearful attitude towards their gods. King Gilgamesh, who has been the main character in the poem, has been used to describe the effects on mankind in the Gilgamesh tyrannical leadership in the ancient society and how they affected the society.
But mainly what I found most interesting of all was that even though he was the god of war he was still able to be defeated by gods that were under his status and even by mortals or in other words humans. Which, in a way is very embarrassing for a god that is one of the twelve gods on Mount Olympus. So I decide that I want to know, why? So I started looking and looking for myths that would help me find the answer I was looking for and that is when I came across the myth of Ares and Hercules, another of Zeus sons. The god of war, Ares, was a very handsome looking god because he was able to make Aphrodite, the goddess of beauty and love, even feel in love with him while she was married to another man.
These adoring fans can go on to become writers of this superhero mythology just as great ancient writers became writers for the stories of the gods. Superhero comics find their roots in Greek mythology in the nature of their stories as well as they concern betrayal, the problems of superior beings that are responsible for the wellbeing of the populace, half powered beings, and affairs. Many years prior what is presently recognized mythology and old stories was genuine religion around the indigenous societies of those convictions. Around those, Greek Mythology is the most well-known and referenced. Greek Gods were not dreams of flawlessness.
The Dual Role of Gods in The Iliad With even a cursory exposure to ancient Greek texts, it is obvious that the gods and goddesses are very important in traditional Greek culture. As literary figures in mythos and specific poetry and drama, the gods dabble in the life of man, predict his fate, and routinely thwart any attempt for him to entirely forge his own future. But for those of us who are not extensively schooled in antiquities, it is hard to pinpoint exactly what the gods are to the ancient Greeks, and what they are to us as readers of literature who live outside the culture. Were the gods accepted as parable figures, meant to instruct? Were they used to explain acts of nature?
In Greek Mythology, perhaps one of the most rudimental yet one of the most important elements are the Greek Gods and Goddesses. The ancient Greeks created the stories about the lives and journeys of the Greek Gods, known as myths, simply as an endeavor to elucidate nature and all phenomena which were difficult to explain using modern science and logic. These myths about the Gods were spread around the world by explorers and storytellers, and later merged with Greek religion. To this day, numerous myths survived through many writings and through much art. Each of these myths is very unique, and moreover, tells us much about the Greek Gods.
writes, Not only did the great characters of the epic serve as models of conduct for later generations of Greeks, but the figures of the Olympian gods retained, in the prayers, poems, and sculpture of the succeeding centuries, the shapes and attributes set down by Homer. () The Greeks believed in many gods and oracles. The oracle in Oedipus the King is the oracle of Apollo, the Greek god of the sun. Oedipus the King represents Antiquity best because it encompasses the polytheistic beliefs of the time. It is important to understand the beliefs of the time in order to understand what gave the people hope and motivation to perform all deeds.